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The Story of the Cotton Plant   By:

Book cover

First Page:

THE LIBRARY OF USEFUL STORIES

Image: A COTTON FIELD IN TEXAS

THE STORY OF THE COTTON PLANT

BY

FREDERICK WILKINSON, F. G. S.

DIRECTOR OF THE TEXTILE AND ENGINEERING SCHOOL, BOLTON AND CO AUTHOR OF ELEMENTS OF COTTON SPINNING

WITH THIRTY EIGHT ILLUSTRATIONS

NEW YORK AND LONDON D. APPLETON AND COMPANY 1912

COPYRIGHT, 1898, 1902, BY D. APPLETON AND COMPANY.

Printed in the United States of America

PREFACE.

In collecting the facts which will be found in this Story of the Cotton plant, the author has of necessity had to consult many books. He is especially indebted to Baines' "History of the Cotton Manufacture," French's "Life and Times of Samuel Crompton," Lee's "Vegetable Lamb of Tartary," Report of the U. S. A. Agricultural Department on "The Cotton Plant," and The American Cotton Company's Booklet on the Cylindrical Bale.

Mr. Thornley, spinning master at the Technical School, Bolton, has from time to time offered very important suggestions during the progress of this little work. The author is also deeply indebted to the late Mr. Woods of the Technical School, Bolton, who was good enough to photograph most of the pictures which illustrate this book, and without which it would have been impossible to make the story clear.

For permission to reproduce Fig. 3, the thanks of the author are due to Messrs. Sampson Low and Co., for Fig. 4, to Messrs. Longmans, Green and Co. For Figs. 5, 8, 9, 13, and 36, to Messrs. Dobson and Barlow, Ltd., Bolton. For Fig. 7, viz., the Longitudinal and Transverse Microphotographs of Cotton Fibre, the author is much indebted to Mr. Christie of Mark Lane, London, who generously photographed them especially for this work. For Fig. 23, I am obliged to Mr. A. Perry, Bolton.

FRED WILKINSON.

TEXTILE AND ENGINEERING SCHOOL, BOLTON.

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER PAGE

I. ORIGIN, GROWTH, AND CHIEF CULTIVATED SPECIES OF COTTON PLANT 9

II. COTTON PLANT DISEASES AND PESTS 34

III. CULTIVATION OF THE COTTON PLANT IN DIFFERENT COUNTRIES 39

IV. THE MICROSCOPE AND COTTON FIBRE 64

V. PLANTATION LIFE AND EARLY CLEANING PROCESSES 72

VI. MANIPULATION OF COTTON IN OPENING, SCUTCHING, CARDING, DRAWING, AND FLY FRAME MACHINES 82

VII. EARLY ATTEMPTS AT SPINNING, AND EARLY INVENTORS 112

VIII. FURTHER DEVELOPMENTS ARKWRIGHT AND CROMPTON 126

IX. THE MODERN SPINNING MULE 146

X. OTHER PROCESSES IN COTTON SPINNING 160

XI. DESTINATION OF THE SPUN YARN 176

INDEX 189

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

FIGURE PAGE

1. A Cotton Field in Texas Frontispiece

2. Bobbins of Cotton Thread 10

3. The Vegetable Lamb of Tartary 13

4. Gossypium Barbadense 24

5. An Indian Cotton field 53

6. Microscope in position for drawing objects 65

7. Transverse and Longitudinal Sections of Cotton Fibre 67

8. Indian women with Roller gin 75

9. Self acting Macarthy Cotton gin 78

10. Bales from various Cotton growing countries 80

11. Cylindrical Rolls of Cotton 81

12. Bale Breaker or Puller 87

13. Double opener with Hopper Feed 89

14... Continue reading book >>




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