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Summa Theologica - 12 Pars Secunda Secundae, Treatise on Gratuitous Graces and the States of Life

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By: (1225-1274)

The Summa Theologica (or the Summa Theologiae or simply the Summa, written 1265–1274) is the most famous work of Thomas Aquinas (c. 1225–1274) although it was never finished. It was intended as a manual for beginners and a compilation of all of the main theological teachings of that time. It summarizes the reasoning for almost all points of Christian theology in the West, which, before the Protestant Reformation, subsisted solely in the Roman Catholic Church. The Summa's topics follow a cycle: the existence of God, God's creation, Man, Man's purpose, Christ, the Sacraments, and back to God. This selection of the Summa Theologica covers questions 171-189 of the Secunda Secundae ("Second-half of the Second Part"), which comprise Treatises on the Gratuitous Graces (questions 171-182) and the States of Life (questions 183-189), with which the Second Part concludes.

First Page:


PART II II ("Secunda Secundae")

Translated by Fathers of the English Dominican Province



To the Blessed Virgin Mary Immaculate Seat of Wisdom


The text of this electronic edition was originally produced by Sandra K. Perry, Perrysburg, Ohio, and made available through the Christian Classics Ethereal Library . I have eliminated unnecessary formatting in the text, corrected some errors in transcription, and added the dedication, tables of contents, Prologue, and the numbers of the questions and articles, as they appeared in the printed translation published by Benziger Brothers. Each article is now designated by part, question number, and article number in brackets, like this:

> SECOND ARTICLE [I, Q. 49, Art. 2]

> Whether the Supreme Good, God, Is the Cause of Evil?

In a few places, where obvious errors appeared in the Benziger Brothers edition, I have corrected them by reference to a Latin text of the Summa... Continue reading book >>

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