Books Should Be Free is now
Loyal Books
Free Public Domain Audiobooks & eBook Downloads
Search by: Title, Author or Keyword

Supply and Demand   By: (1890-1952)

Book cover

First Page:

SUPPLY AND DEMAND

By Hubert D. Henderson M.A.

With an Introduction by J.M. Keynes M.A., C.B.

1922.

INTRODUCTION

The Theory of Economics does not furnish a body of settled conclusions immediately applicable to policy. It is a method rather than a doctrine, an apparatus of the mind, a technique of thinking, which helps its possessor to draw correct conclusions. It is not difficult in the sense in which mathematical and scientific techniques are difficult; but the fact that its modes of expression are much less precise than these, renders decidedly difficult the task of conveying it correctly to the minds of learners.

Before Adam Smith this apparatus of thought scarcely existed. Between his time and this it has been steadily enlarged and improved. Nor is there any branch of knowledge in the formation of which Englishmen can claim a more predominant part. It is not complete yet, but important improvements in its elements are becoming rare. The main task of the professional economist now consists, either in obtaining a wide knowledge of relevant facts and exercising skill in the application of economic principles to them, or in expounding the elements of his method in a lucid, accurate and illuminating way, so that, through his instruction, the number of those who can think for themselves may be increased.

This Series is directed towards the latter aim. It is intended to convey to the ordinary reader and to the uninitiated student some conception of the general principles of thought which economists now apply to economic problems. The writers are not concerned to make original contributions to knowledge, or even to attempt a complete summary of all the principles of the subject. They have been more anxious to avoid obscure forms of expression than difficult ideas; and their object has been to expound to intelligent readers, previously unfamiliar with the subject, the most significant elements of economic method. Most of the omissions of matter often treated in textbooks are intentional; for as a subject develops, it is important, especially in books meant to be introductory, to discard the marks of the chrysalid stage before thought had wings.

Even on matters of principle there is not yet a complete unanimity of opinion amongst professors. Generally speaking, the writers of these volumes believe themselves to be orthodox members of the Cambridge School of Economics. At any rate, most of their ideas about the subject, and even their prejudices, are traceable to the contact they have enjoyed with the writings and lectures of the two economists who have chiefly influenced Cambridge thought for the past fifty years, Dr. Marshall and Professor Pigou.

J.M. Keynes.

CONTENTS

CHAPTER I

THE ECONOMIC WORLD

§1. THEORY AND FACT

§2. THE DIVISION OF LABOR

§3. THE EXISTENCE OF ORDER

§4. SOME REFLECTIONS UPON JOINT PRODUCTS

§5. SOME REFLECTIONS UPON CAPITAL

§6. THE FUNDAMENTAL CHARACTER OF MANY ECONOMIC LAWS

CHAPTER II

THE GENERAL LAWS OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND

§1. PRELIMINARY STATEMENT OF THREE LAWS

§2. DIAGRAMS AND THEIR USES

§3. AMBIGUITIES OF THE EXPRESSIONS, "INCREASE IN DEMAND," ETC.

§4. REACTIONS OF CHANGES IN DEMAND AND SUPPLY ON PRICE

§5. SOME PARADOXICAL REACTIONS OF PRICE CHANGES ON SUPPLY

§6. THE DISTURBANCES OF MONETARY CHANGES

§7. THE TRADE CYCLE

CHAPTER III

UTILITY AND THE MARGIN OF CONSUMPTION

§1. THE FORCES BEHIND SUPPLY AND DEMAND

§2. THE LAW OF DIMINISHING UTILITY

§3. THE RELATION BETWEEN PRICE AND MARGINAL UTILITY

§4. THE MARGINAL PURCHASER

§5. THE BUSINESS MAN AS PURCHASER

§6. THE DIMINISHING UTILITY OF MONEY

CHAPTER IV

COST AND THE MARGIN OF PRODUCTION

§1. AN ILLUSTRATION FROM COAL

§2. THE VARIOUS ASPECTS OF MARGINAL COST

§3. THE DANGERS OF IGNORING THE MARGIN

§4. A MISINTERPRETATION

§5. SOME CONSEQUENCES OF A HIGHER PRICE LEVEL

§6. GENERAL RELATION BETWEEN PRICE, UTILITY AND COST

CHAPTER V

JOINT DEMAND AND SUPPLY

§1. MARGINAL COST UNDER JOINT SUPPLY

§2... Continue reading book >>




eBook Downloads
ePUB eBook
• iBooks for iPhone and iPad
• Nook
• Sony Reader
Kindle eBook
• Mobi file format for Kindle
Read eBook
• Load eBook in browser
Text File eBook
• Computers
• Windows
• Mac

Review this book



Popular Genres
More Genres
Languages
Paid Books