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Textiles For Commercial, Industrial, and Domestic Arts Schools; Also Adapted to Those Engaged in Wholesale and Retail Dry Goods, Wool, Cotton, and Dressmaker's Trades   By: (1880-)

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First Page:

TEXTILES

For Commercial, Industrial, and Domestic Arts Schools; Also Adapted to Those Engaged in Wholesale and Retail Dry Goods, Wool, Cotton, and Dressmaker's Trades

by

WILLIAM H. DOOLEY Principal Lowell Industrial School Lowell, Mass.

Revised Edition With Experiments

D. C. Heath & Company Boston New York Chicago

Copyright, 1910, 1912, and 1914, by D. C. Heath and Company

[Illustration: COTTON PLANT]

PREFACE

The author established and since its inception has been in charge of the first industrial school for boys and girls in Massachusetts. At an early date he recognized the need of special text books to meet the demand of young people who are attending vocational schools. There are plenty of books written on textiles for technical school students and advanced workers. But the author has failed to find a book explaining the manufacture and testing of textiles for commercial, industrial, domestic arts, and continuation schools, and for those who have just entered the textile or allied trades. This book is written to meet this educational need. Others may find the book of interest, particularly the chapters describing cotton, woolen, worsted, and silk fabrics.

The author is under obligations to Mr. Franklin W. Hobbs, treasurer of the Arlington Mills, for permission to use illustrations and information from literature published by the Arlington Mills; to Mr. S. H. Ditchett, editor of Dry Goods Economist , for permission to use information from his publication, "Dry Goods Encyclopedia"; to the editor of the Textile Mercury ; to Frank P. Bennett, of the American Wool and Cotton Reporter , for permission to use information from "Cotton Fabrics Glossary"; and to the instructors of the Lawrence Industrial School for valuable information. In addition, information has been obtained from the great body of textile literature, which the author desires to acknowledge.

CONTENTS

CHAPTER I

FIBERS PAGE Animal Fibers Wool, Silk, Mohair. Vegetable Cotton, Flax, Jute, Hemp. Mineral Asbestos, Tinsel, Metallic. Remanufactured Material Noils, Mungo, Shoddy, Extract, and Flocks. Artificial Fibers Spun Glass, Artificial Silk, Slag Wool. Structure of Wool. Characteristics of Wool. Classification of Wool. Carpet and Knitting Wools. Sheep Shearing. Variation in Weight of Fleeces. Shipping the Fleeces. Value of Wool Business. Saxony and Silesian Wool, Australian Wool, Port Philip Wool, Sydney Wool, Adelaide Wool, Van Wool from Tasmania, New Zealand Wool, Cape Wools, Wools from South America, Russian Wool, Great Britain Wools, Lincoln, Leicester, Southdown, Shropshire; Cashmere Wools, Norfolkdown and Suffolkdown Wools, Cheviot Wool, Welsh Wools, Shetland Wools, Irish Wools, Mohair, Alpaca Wool. How Wool is Marketed 1

CHAPTER II

WOOL SORTING

Sorting. Classing Grades of Wool. Merino Wool. Difference between Lamb's and Sheep's Wool. Pulled Wool. Delaine Wool. Wool Sorter. Wool Washing, Wool Drying, Oiling. Burring and Carbonizing. Bur Picker, Blending 16

CHAPTER III

WOOL SUBSTITUTES AND WASTE PRODUCTS

Wool Substitutes and Waste Remanufactured Noils, Shoddy, and Mungo. Methods of Producing Shoddy and Mungo Dusting, Sorting, Seaming, Oiling, Grinding. Extract Wool. Flocks 32

CHAPTER IV

WORSTED YARN

Carding, Combing. Worsted Tops Gill Boxes. Different methods of Spinning Bradford or English System, French System. Structure of Worsted Yarn. Uses of Worsted Yarn. Counts of Worsted Yarn 39

CHAPTER V

WOOLEN YARN

Operations in Producing Woolen Yarn Washing, Carding, Spinning, Mule Spinning. Counts of Woolen Yarn. Uses of Woolen Yarn 50

CHAPTER VI

WEAVING

Preparatory to Weaving Warp... Continue reading book >>




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