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The Theory and Practice of Perspective   By: (1834-1919)

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First Page:

Henry Frowde, M.A. Publisher to the University of Oxford London, Edinburgh, New York Toronto and Melbourne




Teacher of Perspective at the Royal Academy

[Illustration: 'QUÎ FIT?']

Oxford At the Clarendon Press 1910

Oxford Printed at the Clarendon Press by Horace Hart, M.A. Printer to the University



President of the Royal Academy

in Token of Friendship and Regard


It is much easier to understand and remember a thing when a reason is given for it, than when we are merely shown how to do it without being told why it is so done; for in the latter case, instead of being assisted by reason, our real help in all study, we have to rely upon memory or our power of imitation, and to do simply as we are told without thinking about it. The consequence is that at the very first difficulty we are left to flounder about in the dark, or to remain inactive till the master comes to our assistance.

Now in this book it is proposed to enlist the reasoning faculty from the very first: to let one problem grow out of another and to be dependent on the foregoing, as in geometry, and so to explain each thing we do that there shall be no doubt in the mind as to the correctness of the proceeding. The student will thus gain the power of finding out any new problem for himself, and will therefore acquire a true knowledge of perspective.


BOOK I Page THE NECESSITY OF THE STUDY OF PERSPECTIVE TO PAINTERS, SCULPTORS, AND ARCHITECTS 1 WHAT IS PERSPECTIVE? 6 THE THEORY OF PERSPECTIVE: I. Definitions 13 II. The Point of Sight, the Horizon, and the Point of Distance. 15 III. Point of Distance 16 IV. Perspective of a Point, Visual Rays, &c. 20 V. Trace and Projection 21 VI. Scientific Definition of Perspective 22 RULES: VII. The Rules and Conditions of Perspective 24 VIII. A Table or Index of the Rules of Perspective 40


THE PRACTICE OF PERSPECTIVE: IX. The Square in Parallel Perspective 42 X. The Diagonal 43 XI. The Square 43 XII. Geometrical and Perspective Figures Contrasted 46 XIII. Of Certain Terms made use of in Perspective 48 XIV. How to Measure Vanishing or Receding Lines 49 XV. How to Place Squares in Given Positions 50 XVI. How to Draw Pavements, &c. 51 XVII. Of Squares placed Vertically and at Different Heights, or the Cube in Parallel Perspective 53 XVIII. The Transposed Distance 53 XIX. The Front View of the Square and of the Proportions of Figures at Different Heights 54 XX. Of Pictures that are Painted according to the Position they are to Occupy 59 XXI. Interiors 62 XXII. The Square at an Angle of 45° 64 XXIII. The Cube at an Angle of 45° 65 XXIV. Pavements Drawn by Means of Squares at 45° 66 XXV. The Perspective Vanishing Scale 68 XXVI. The Vanishing Scale can be Drawn to any Point on the Horizon 69 XXVII... Continue reading book >>

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