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The Two Great Retreats of History   By: (1780-1873)

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First Page:

THE

TWO GREAT RETREATS OF HISTORY.

I. THE RETREAT OF THE TEN THOUSAND.

II. NAPOLEON'S RETREAT FROM MOSCOW.

WITH INTRODUCTIONS AND NOTES

By

D. H. M.

BOSTON, U.S.A.: PUBLISHED BY GINN & COMPANY. 1889.

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1889, by

GINN & COMPANY,

in the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington.

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

TYPOGRAPHY BY J. S. CUSHING & CO., BOSTON, U.S.A.

PREFATORY NOTE.

The two following selections contain, first, Grote's account of the Retreat of the Ten Thousand Greeks, taken from his "History of Greece," and, secondly, an abridgment of Count Ségur's narrative of Napoleon's retreat from Russia.

Grote's History, based on Xenophon's, is given entire, with the exception that, in a very few instances, some slight verbal change has been made in order to better adapt the work to school use.

Two maps are furnished, an introduction is prefixed to each selection, and all needed notes subjoined.

D. H. M.

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

I. Retreat of the Ten Thousand. PAGE Sketch of Cyrus the Younger (Introductory to the Retreat of the Ten Thousand) v

§ 1. Effect of the death of Cyrus on the Greeks; they resolve to retreat 1

§ 2. Commencement of the retreat 6

§ 3. Negotiations with Tissaphernês 10

§ 4. Treachery of Tissaphernês 19

§ 5. Xenophon's dream and its results 29

§ 6. The Greeks cross the Zab 42

§ 7. The Greeks fight their way across the Karduchian Mountains 50

§ 8. March through Armenia; great suffering from cold and hunger 60

§ 9. The Greeks come in sight of the Black Sea 70

§ 10. The Greek cities on the Black Sea; their feelings toward the Ten Thousand 75

§ 11. Plans of the army for the future 79

§ 12. The Ten Thousand begin their march westward 82

§ 13. Plan of Xenophon for founding a city on the Black Sea 88

§ 14. Xenophon defends himself against false accusations 95

§ 15. The army passes by sea to Sinôpê 104

§ 16. The army crosses the Bosphorus to Byzantium; false promises of Anaxibius and their results 116

§ 17. Mutiny of the army in leaving Byzantium 120

§ 18. Xenophon's speech to the soldiers 123

§ 19. The army finally leaves Byzantium; Seuthês offers to hire them 128

§ 20. The army enters the service of Seuthês 135

§ 21. Xenophon crosses over with the army to Asia 138

§ 22. Xenophon takes leave of the army. Conclusion 143

II. Napoleon's Retreat from Moscow.

Sketch of Napoleon (Introductory to the Retreat from Moscow) 152

§ 1. Description of Moscow; arrival of the Czar 157

§ 2. Alarm in Moscow at the advance of the French army; preparations for the destruction of the city 162

§ 3. Departure of the Russian governor from Moscow 168

§ 4. Napoleon's first view of Moscow; the French enter the city 175

§ 5. Napoleon takes up his quarters in the Kremlin; the city discovered to be on fire 182

§ 6... Continue reading book >>




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