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Type Typographic Technical Series for Apprentices #1   By:

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First Page:

TYPOGRAPHIC TECHNICAL SERIES FOR APPRENTICES PART I. NO. 1

TYPE

A PRIMER of INFORMATION ABOUT THE MECHANICAL FEATURES OF PRINTING TYPES: THEIR SIZES, FONT SCHEMES, &c. WITH A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THEIR MANUFACTURE

COMPILED BY A. A. STEWART

PUBLISHED BY THE COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION UNITED TYPOTHETAE OF AMERICA 1918

COPYRIGHT, 1918 UNITED TYPOTHETAE OF AMERICA CHICAGO, ILL.

Composition by PUPILS IN THE TYPOTHETAE SCHOOL OF PRINTING NORTH END UNION, BOSTON

PREFACE

This treatise is the first of a series of text books, published under the general title of Typographic Technical Series for Apprentices , which have been prepared under the auspices of the Committee on Education of the United Typothetae of America, for the use of printers' apprentices and students of typographic printing.

As will be noted by the table of contents, only the mechanical features of type and the usual methods of its manufacture have been considered here. No attempt has been made to review the history of type faces or the development of type making processes. These phases of the subject are considered in other publications of the series (see p. 36) and in supplementary reading recommended for students (p. 28).

It is not what they are but what they can be made to do under the control of trained intelligence and skilful hands that makes printer's types of importance to the world. No tools used in modern industry seem simpler than these little pieces of metal, yet they are the product of the most highly specialized skill and ingeniously perfected mechanisms. To the young printer their physical elements are matters of first concern. An understanding of these elements may be only a small part of his trade education, but it is important. The possibilities and the limitations of type can be appreciated only by thorough familiarity with the technical details and niceties provided by the modern typefounder.

A special feature of this series of technical publications is the list of Review Questions, which will be found at the end of each treatise (see pp. 29 31). These questions cover the essential points in each subject and will be of assistance to instructors, for examinations, etc. A list of the other titles of the series, as well as a statement of their plan and scope, will be found on pp. i vii of this publication.

CONTENTS

PAGE

FEATURES OF A TYPE 7

A FONT OF TYPE 9

SCHEME FOR JOB FONT 11

SCHEME FOR 100 LB. FONT 12

THE SIZES OF TYPE 13

LINING TYPE FACES 16

KERNED TYPES 18

SPACES AND QUADS 19

HOW TYPE IS MADE 20

THE LINOTYPE 23

THE MONOTYPE 25

INGREDIENTS OF TYPE METAL 26

WOOD TYPE 27

SUPPLEMENTARY READING 28

REVIEW QUESTIONS 29

GLOSSARY OF TERMS 32

MECHANICAL FEATURES OF TYPE

Printing owes its development first and chiefly to movable metal types. The so called invention of printing was the discovery of a method of making serviceable type in quantity. The idea of a separate type for each letter of the alphabet was probably conceived long before Gutenberg's time, but it remained for him and his associates to devise an apparatus for making them quickly and accurately enough to be of practical value. That apparatus was the type mold, which experience has since proved to be the most efficient means of securing exactness and uniformity in a number of small pieces of metal.

Type is made of an alloy of lead, tin, and antimony. Its length (technically called height to paper) is .918 of an inch. Each type is cast separately in a mold, and has the letter or printing character in bold relief on one end... Continue reading book >>




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