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Unto This Last and Other Essays on Political Economy   By: (1819-1900)

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First Page:

POLITICAL ECONOMY

E text prepared by David Clarke and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team (http://www.pgdp.net)

UNTO THIS LAST AND OTHER ESSAYS ON POLITICAL ECONOMY

by

JOHN RUSKIN

London Melbourne & Toronto Ward Lock & Co Limited 1912

CONTENTS.

PART I. PAGE THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF ART 7

LECTURE I. 11 1. Discovery 23 2. Application 28

LECTURE II. 46 3. Accumulation 46 4. Distribution 65

ADDENDA 86 Note 1. "Fatherly Authority" 86 " 2. "Right to Public Support" 90 " 3. "Trial Schools" 95 " 4. "Public Favour" 101 " 5. "Invention of new wants" 102 " 6. "Economy of Literature" 104 " 7. "Pilots of the State" 106 " 8. "Silk and Purple" 107

PART II.

UNTO THIS LAST 117

ESSAY I. The Roots of Honour 127 II. The Veins of Wealth 143 III. "Qui Judicatis Terram" 156 IV. Ad Valorem 173

PART III.

ESSAYS ON POLITICAL ECONOMY[A]

I. MAINTENANCE OF LIFE: WEALTH, MONEY AND RICHES 207 Section 1. Wealth 214 " 2. Money 219 " 3. Riches 222

II. NATURE OF WEALTH, VARIATIONS OF VALUE, THE NATIONAL STORE, NATURE OF LABOUR, VALUE AND PRICE, THE CURRENCY 225

III. THE CURRENCY HOLDERS AND STORE HOLDERS, THE DISEASE OF DESIRE 252

IV. LAWS AND GOVERNMENTS: LABOUR AND RICHES 278

[A] These Essays were afterwards revised and amplified, and published with others under the title "Munera Pulveris."

THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF ART.

PREFACE.

The greater part of the following treatise remains in the exact form in which it was read at Manchester; but the more familiar passages of it, which were trusted to extempore delivery, have been since written with greater explicitness and fullness than I could give them in speaking; and a considerable number of notes are added, to explain the points which could not be sufficiently considered in the time I had at my disposal in the lecture room.

Some apology may be thought due to the reader, for an endeavour to engage his attention on a subject of which no profound study seems compatible with the work in which I am usually employed. But profound study is not, in this case, necessary either to writer or reader, while accurate study, up to a certain point, is necessary for us all. Political economy means, in plain English, nothing more than "citizens' economy"; and its first principles ought, therefore, to be understood by all who mean to take the responsibility of citizens, as those of household economy by all who take the responsibility of householders. Nor are its first principles in the least obscure: they are, many of them, disagreeable in their practical requirements, and people in general pretend that they cannot understand, because they are unwilling to obey them; or, rather, by habitual disobedience, destroy their capacity of understanding them... Continue reading book >>




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