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The Vedanta-Sutras with the Commentary by Ramanuja — Sacred Books of the East, Volume 48   By: (1848-1914)

Book cover

First Page:

THE

VEDÂNTÂ SÛTRAS

WITH THE COMMENTARY BY

RÂMÂNUJA

TRANSLATED BY

GEORGE THIBAUT

PART III

Sacred Books of the East, Volume 48

[1904]

[Scanned in by Srinivasan Sriram (as part of the sripedia.org initiative). OCRed and proofed at Distributed Proofing by other volunteers; Juliet Sutherland, project manager. Formatting and additional proofreading at Sacred texts.com by J.B. Hare. This text is in the public domain worldwide. This file may be used for any non commercial purpose provided this notice is left intact.]

CONTENTS.

VEDÂNTA SÛTRAS WITH THE COMMENTARY OF RÂMÂNUJA.

INTRODUCTION

ADHYÂYA I

Pâda I

Pâda II

Pâda III

Pâda IV

ADHYÂYA II

Pâda I

Pâda II

Pâda III

Pâda IV

ADHYÂYA III

Pâda I

Pâda II

Pâda III

Pâda IV

ADHYÂYA IV

Pâda I

Pâda II

Pâda III

Pâda IV

INDEXES BY DR. M. WINTERNITZ:

Index of Quotations

Index of Sanskrit Words

Index of Names and Subjects

Corrigenda

Transliteration of Oriental Alphabets adopted for the Translations of the Sacred Books of the East

INTRODUCTION.

In the Introduction to the first volume of the translation of the 'Vedânta Sûtras with Sankara's Commentary' (vol. xxxiv of this Series) I have dwelt at some length on the interest which Râmânuja's Commentary may claim as being, on the one hand, the fullest exposition of what may be called the Theistic Vedânta, and as supplying us, on the other, with means of penetrating to the true meaning of Bâdarâyana's Aphorisms. I do not wish to enter here into a fuller discussion of Râmânuja's work in either of these aspects; an adequate treatment of them would, moreover, require considerably more space than is at my disposal. Some very useful material for the right understanding of Râmânuju's work is to be found in the 'Analytical Outline of Contents' which Messrs. M. Rangâkârya and M. B. Varadarâja Aiyangâr have prefixed to the first volume of their scholarly translation of the Srîbhâshya (Madras, 1899).

The question as to what the Stûras really teach is a critical, not a philosophical one. This distinction seems to have been imperfectly realised by several of those critics, writing in India, who have examined the views expressed in my Introduction to the translation of Sankara's Commentary. A writer should not be taxed with 'philosophic incompetency,' 'hopeless theistic bias due to early training,' and the like, simply because he, on the basis of a purely critical investigation, considers himself entitled to maintain that a certain ancient document sets forth one philosophical view rather than another. I have nowhere expressed an opinion as to the comparative philosophical value of the systems of Sankara and Râmânuja; not because I have no definite opinions on this point, but because to introduce them into a critical enquiry would be purposeless if not objectionable.

The question as to the true meaning of the Sûtras is no doubt of some interest; although the interest of problems of this kind may easily be over estimated. Among the remarks of critics on my treatment of this problem I have found little of solid value. The main arguments which I have set forth, not so much in favour of the adequacy of Râmânuja's interpretation, as against the validity of Sankarâkârya's understanding of the Sûtras, appear to me not to have been touched. I do not by any means consider the problem a hopeless one; but its solution will not be advanced, in any direction, but by those who will be at the trouble of submitting the entire body of the Sûtras to a new and detailed investigation, availing themselves to the full of the help that is to be derived from the study of all the existing Commentaries.

The present translation of the Srîbhâshya claims to be faithful on the whole, although I must acknowledge that I have aimed rather at making it intelligible and, in a certain sense, readable than scrupulously accurate... Continue reading book >>




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