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The Veterinarian   By: (1880-)

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[Transcriber's Notes]

Here are the definitions of some unfamiliar (to me) words.

Aloin Intensely bitter, crystalline, water soluble powder obtained from aloe, used chiefly as a purgative.

Anise Annual, aromatic Mediterranean herb (Pimpinella anisum) cultivated for its fruit and the oil obtained from it; used to flavor foods, liqueurs, and candies.

Arecoline Toxic alkaloid obtained from the seeds of the areca, used in veterinary medicine to kill and expel intestinal worms.

Asafoetida (Asafetida) Fetid gum resin of various Asian plants of the genus Ferula (especially F. assafoetida, F. foetida, or F. narthex) occurring in the form of tears and dark colored masses, having a strong odor and taste. Formerly used in medicine as an antispasmodic and a general prophylactic against disease.

Bismuth Subnitrate White bismuth containing powder Bi5O(OH)9(NO3)4 used in treating gastrointestinal disorders.

Bistoury Long, narrow bladed knife used to open abscesses or to slit sinuses and fistulas.

Boracic Acid Also called boric acid or orthoboric acid. H3BO3. Used in medicine in aqueous [water] solution as a mild antiseptic.

Caeca Large blind pouch forming the beginning of the large intestine.

Calomel Mercurous chloride, Hg2Cl2. White, tasteless powder, used as a purgative and fungicide.

Cantharides Also called Spanish fly. Preparation of powdered blister beetles (the Spanish fly), used medicinally as a counterirritant, diuretic, and aphrodisiac.

Camphor Whitish, translucent, crystalline, pleasant odored terpene ketone, C10H16O, obtained from the camphor tree. Used in medicine as a counter irritant for infections and to treat pain and itching.

Carbolic Acid Called phenol, hydroxybenzene, oxybenzene, phenylic acid. White, crystalline, water soluble, poisonous mass, C6H5OH Used chiefly as a disinfectant and antiseptic.

Cascara Sagrada Bark of the cascara [buckthorn (Rhamnus purshiana) native to northwest North America], used as a cathartic or laxative.

Catechu Several astringent substances obtained from tropical plants, including Acacia catechu and A. suma; used in medicine, dyeing, tanning, etc.

Chloral Hydrate Colorless crystalline compound, CCl3CH(OH)2, used as a sedative.

Cloaca Common cavity into which the intestinal, urinary, and generative canals open in birds, reptiles, amphibians and many fishes.

Creosote Colorless to yellowish oily liquid containing phenols and creosols, obtained by the destructive distillation of wood tar, especially from the wood of a beech, and formerly used as an expectorant in treating chronic bronchitis.

Crepitating Crackling or popping sound.

Drench Administer medicine to an animal by force.

Dropsical Edematous; swollen with an excessive accumulation of fluid.

Extravasation To force the flow of (blood or lymph) from a vessel out into surrounding tissue.

Fenugreek Trigonella foenum graecum; Plant of the legume family, cultivated for forage and for its mucilaginous seeds used in medicine.

Fomenting Application of warm liquid, ointments, etc., to the surface of the body.

Fowler's Solution Aqueous solution of potassium arsenite used in medicine to treat some diseases of the blood or skin.

Frog Triangular mass of elastic, horny substance in the middle of the sole of the foot of a horse.

Gentian Rhizome [root like subterranean stem] and roots of a yellow flowered gentian (Gentiana lutea) of southern Europe used as a tonic and stomachic [beneficial to the stomach].

Glauber's salt, Sodium sulfate decahydrate, Na2SO4.10H2O; also called mirabilite; used in medicine as a mild laxative.

Iodoform Triiodomethane. Yellowish, crystalline, water insoluble solid, CHI3. Analogous to chloroform, used as an antiseptic.

Methylene blue Heterocyclic (ring structure with atoms besides carbon, such as sulfur, oxygen, nitrogen,) aromatic chemical compound with the molecular formula: C16H18ClN3S... Continue reading book >>

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