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The Wild Tribes of Davao District, Mindanao The R. F. Cummings Philippine Expedition   By: (1881-1961)

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First Page:

Field Museum of Natural History. Publication 170. Anthropological Series Vol. XII, No. 2.

THE WILD TRIBES OF DAVAO DISTRICT, MINDANAO

by

FAY COOPER COLE Assistant Curator of Malayan Ethnology

The R. F. Cummings Philippine Expedition

George A. Dorsey Curator, Department of Anthropology

[Frontispiece:] TRIBAL MAP OF DAVAO DISTRICT

Chicago, U. S. A. September, 1913

CONTENTS

I. THE BAGOBO. II. BILA AN. III. KULAMAN. IV. TAGAKAOLO. V. ATA. VI. MANDAYA. CONCLUSION

ILLUSTRATIONS

Plate 1. TRIBAL MAP OF DAVAO DISTRICT

FIG. 1. SHELL BRACELET. FIG. 2. NECKLACE OF RATTAN OVERLAID WITH FERN AND ORCHID CUTICLE. FIG. 3. BRASS ANKLETS WORN BY THE WOMEN. FIG. 4. TYPES OF BRASS BRACELETS. FIG. 5. EAR STRETCHERS. FIG. 6. WOMAN'S EAR PLUGS. FIG. 7. LITTLE GIRLS' PUBIC SHIELDS. FIG. 8. THE "STOVE." FIG. 9. BAMBOO PLATE RACK. FIG. 10A. RICE MORTAR. FIG. 10B. PEDESTAL WHICH REACHES TO THE GROUND. FIG. 10C. CIRCLE OF CORN HUSKS PLACED SO AS TO PREVENT GRAIN FROM FALLING OUT. FIG. 10D. WOODEN PESTLE. FIG. 11. COCOANUT SHELL SPOONS WITH WOODEN HANDLES. FIG. 12. TAMBARA OR BASKET LIKE RECEPTACLE IN WHICH OFFERINGS ARE MADE. FIG. 13. RICE WINNOWER. FIG. 14. INCISED LIME AND TOBACCO TUBES. FIG. 15. SPEARS USED IN FIGHTING AND HUNTING. FIG. 16. CHICKEN SNARE AND CARRYING CASE. FIG, 17. BOWS AND ARROWS. FIG. 18. BLOW GUNS AND DARTS. FIG. 19. BAMBOO FISH TRAP. FIG. 20. (LEFT) FOUR POINTED FISH SPEAR. FIG. 21. (RIGHT) FISH LURE. FIG. 22. TYPES OF WEAVING USED IN BASKETRY. FIG. 23. TYPES OF WEAVING USED IN BASKETRY. FIG. 24. TYPES OF WEAVING USED IN BASKETRY. FIG. 25. COCOANUT SCRAPER. FIG. 26A. STAGES IN THE MANUFACTURE OF METAL BELLS. FIG. 26B. STAGE IN THE MANUFACTURE OF METAL BELLS. FIG. 27. HEMP MACHINE. FIG. 28. SUGAR CANE PRESS. FIG. 29. RICE PLANTER WITH BAMBOO CLAPPER ATTACHED TO TOP. FIG. 30. CARRYING FRAME. FIG. 31A. FRONT OF AN OBLONG SHIELD. FIG. 32B. BACK OF AN OBLONG SHIELD. FIG. 33. TAW GAU OR BAMBOO GUITAR. FIG. 34. REALISTIC PATTERNS IN BEADS AND SHELL DISKS. FIG. 35. COOKING POT AND COVER. FIG. 36. WOMEN'S COMBS. FIG. 37. A. WOMEN'S EAR PLUGS. B. MEN'S EAR PLUGS. FIG. 38. BOWS, ARROWS AND QUIVER FROM LAKE BULUAN REGION. FIG. 39. BOWS AND ARROWS IN COMMON USE. FIG. 40. PITCH STICK USED IN THE CAPTURE OF SMALL BIRDS. FIG. 41. DESIGNS EMBROIDERED ON MEN'S CLOTHING. FIG. 42. DESIGNS EMBROIDERED ON MEN'S CLOTHING. FIG. 43. PART OF A HEMP CLOTH PILLOW COVER. FIG. 44. WATERPROOF BASKET WITH INFITTING TOP. FIG. 45. MAN'S KNIFE AND SHEATH. FIG. 46. TAMBOLANG OR BAMBOO TRUMPET. FIG. 47. MEN'S HATS. FIG. 48. WOMAN'S COMB. FIG. 49. EAR PLUGS WITH BELL PENDANTS. FIG. 50. GOURD RICE HOLDER. FIG. 51. BIRD SNARE. FIG. 52. WOODEN SHIELDS. FIG. 53. SILVER BREAST ORNAMENTS. FIG. 54A. TO 54H. DESIGNS REPRESENTING THE HUMAN FORM. FIG. 55A. TO 55H. CROCODILE DESIGNS. FIG. 56. CROCODILE DESIGN. FIG. 57. DESIGN USED IN WEAVING. FIG. 58. INCISED DESIGNS ON A BAMBOO LIME HOLDER. FIG. 59. CLOTHES HANGER. FIG. 60. EMBROIDERED DESIGNS ON JACKTES[sic] AND CARRYING BAGS. FIG. 61. EMBROIDERED DESIGNS ON JACKTES[sic] AND CARRYING BAGS. FIG. 62. TOBACCO POUCHES.

PREFACE.

The material presented in this paper was obtained, for the most part, during a stay of seven months among the tribes of Davao District in Southern Mindanao of the Philippine Islands. Previous to this I had spent a like period studying the Bukidnon, of the North Central part of the Island, and while thus engaged, had penetrated to within about fifty miles of the Gulf of Davao. In order to trace migrations, relationships, and trade routes, it was determined to continue the work from the Gulf coast toward the interior... Continue reading book >>




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