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Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship and Travels, Vol. I (of 2)   By: (1749-1832)

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First Page:

AND TRAVELS, VOL. I (OF 2)

E text prepared by Juliet Sutherland, Jane Robins, and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team (http://www.pgdp.net)

Transcriber's note:

Text enclosed by equal signs is in bold face (=bold=).

Text enclosed by underscores is in italice (=italics=).

WILHELM MEISTER'S APPRENTICESHIP AND TRAVELS.

Translated from the German of GOETHE.

by Thomas Carlyle.

Complete in Two Volumes.

VOLUME I.

New York: A. L. Burt, Publisher.

CONTENTS.

PAGE

BOOK I. 15

BOOK II. 74

BOOK III. 134

BOOK IV. 185

BOOK V. 254

BOOK VI. 320

BOOK VII. 372

TO THE READER.

These two translations, "Meister's Apprenticeship" and "Meister's Travels," have long been out of print, but never altogether out of demand; nay, it would seem, the originally somewhat moderate demand has gone on increasing, and continues to increase. They are, therefore, here republished; and the one being in some sort a sequel to the other, though in rather unexpected sort, they are now printed together. The English version of "Meister's Travels" has been extracted, or extricated, from a compilation of very various quality named "German Romance," and placed by the side of the "Apprenticeship," its forerunner, which, in the translated as in the original state, appeared hitherto as a separate work.

In the "Apprenticeship," the first of these translations, which was executed some fifteen years ago, under questionable auspices, I have made many little changes, but could not, unfortunately, change it into a right translation; it hung, in many places, stiff and labored, too like some unfortunate buckram cloak round the light, harmonious movement of the original, and, alas! still hangs so, here and there, and may now hang. In the second translation, "Meister's Travels," two years later in date, I have changed little or nothing. I might have added much; for the original, since that time, was, as it were, taken to pieces by the author himself in his last years, and constructed anew, and, in the final edition of his works, appears with multifarious intercalations, giving a great expansion, both of size and of scope. Not pedagogy only, and husbandry and art and religion and human conduct in the nineteenth century, but geology, astronomy, cotton spinning, metallurgy, anatomical lecturing, and much else, are typically shadowed forth in this second form of the "Travels," which, however, continues a fragment like the first, significantly pointing on all hands towards infinitude, not more complete than the first was, or indeed perhaps less so. It will well reward the trustful student of Goethe to read this new form of the "Travels," and see how in that great mind, beaming in mildest mellow splendor, beaming if also trembling, like a great sun on the verge of the horizon, near now to its long farewell, all these things were illuminated and illustrated: but, for the mere English reader, there are probably in our prior edition of the "Travels" already novelties enough; for us, at all events, it seemed unadvisable to meddle with it further at present.

Goethe's position towards the English public is greatly altered since these translations first made their appearance. Criticisms near the mark, or farther from the mark, or even altogether far and away from any mark, of these there have been enough. These pass on their road: the man and his works remain what they are and were, more and more recognizable for what they are. Few English readers can require now to be apprised that these two books, named novels, come not under the Minerva Press category, nor the Ballantyne Press category, nor any such category; that the author is one whose secret, by no means worn upon his sleeve, will never, by any ingenuity, be got at in that way... Continue reading book >>




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