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Woodrow Wilson and the World War A Chronicle of Our Own Times.   By: (1885-1963)

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First Page:

TEXTBOOK EDITION

THE YALE CHRONICLES OF AMERICA SERIES

ALLEN JOHNSON EDITOR

GERHARD R. LOMER CHARLES W. JEFFERYS ASSISTANT EDITORS

WOODROW WILSON AND THE WORLD WAR

A CHRONICLE OF OUR OWN TIMES BY CHARLES SEYMOUR 1921

[Illustration]

TORONTO: GLASGOW, BROOK & CO. NEW YORK: UNITED STATES PUBLISHERS ASSOCIATION, INC.

Copyright, 1921, by Yale University Press

Printed in the United States of America

Transcribers note: In this plain text the breve has been rendered as [)c]

CONTENTS

I. WILSON THE EXECUTIVE Page 1

II. NEUTRALITY " 27

III. THE SUBMARINE " 47

IV. PLOTS AND PREPAREDNESS " 71

V. AMERICA DECIDES " 94

VI. THE NATION IN ARMS " 116

VII. THE HOME FRONT " 150

VIII. THE FIGHTING FRONT " 192

IX. THE PATH TO PEACE " 228

X. WAYS OF THE PEACE CONFERENCE " 254

XI. BALANCE OF POWER OR LEAGUE OF NATIONS? " 281

XII. THE SETTLEMENT " 310

XIII. THE SENATE AND THE TREATY " 330

XIV. CONCLUSION " 352

BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTE " 361

INDEX " 367

WOODROW WILSON AND THE WORLD WAR

CHAPTER I

WILSON THE EXECUTIVE

When, on March 4, 1913, Woodrow Wilson entered the White House, the first Democratic president elected in twenty years, no one could have guessed the importance of the rĂ´le which he was destined to play. While business men and industrial leaders bewailed the mischance that had brought into power a man whose attitude towards vested interests was reputed none too friendly, they looked upon him as a temporary inconvenience. Nor did the increasingly large body of independent voters, disgusted by the "stand pattism" of the Republican machine, regard Wilson much more seriously; rather did they place their confidence in a reinvigoration of the Grand Old Party through the progressive leadership of Roosevelt, whose enthusiasm and practical vision had attracted the approval of more than four million voters in the preceding election, despite his lack of an adequate political organization. Even those who supported Wilson most whole heartedly believed that his work would lie entirely within the field of domestic reform; little did they imagine that he would play a part in world affairs larger than had fallen to any citizen of the United States since the birth of the country.

The new President was fifty six years old. His background was primarily academic, a fact which, together with his Scotch Irish ancestry, the Presbyterian tradition of his family, and his early years spent in the South, explains much in his character at the time when he entered upon the general political stage. After graduating from Princeton in 1879, where his career gave little indication of extraordinary promise, he studied law, and for a time his shingle hung out in Atlanta. He seemed unfitted by nature, however, for either pleasure or success in the practice of the law. Reserved and cold, except with his intimates, he was incapable of attracting clients in a profession and locality where ability to "mix" was a prime qualification. A certain lack of tolerance for the failings of his fellow mortals may have combined with his Presbyterian conscience to disgust him with the hard give and take of the struggling lawyer's life. He sought escape in graduate work in history and politics at Johns Hopkins, where, in 1886, he received his Ph... Continue reading book >>




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