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Zoonomia, Vol. I Or, the Laws of Organic Life   By: (1731-1802)

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First Page:

ZOONOMIA;

OR,

THE LAWS

OF

ORGANIC LIFE.

VOL. I.

By ERASMUS DARWIN, M.D. F.R.S.

AUTHOR OF THE BOTANIC GARDEN.

Principiò coelum, ac terras, camposque liquentes, Lucentemque globum lunæ, titaniaque astra, Spiritus intùs alit, totamque infusa per artus Mens agitat molem, et magno se corpore miscet. VIRG. Æn. vi.

Earth, on whose lap a thousand nations tread, And Ocean, brooding his prolific bed, Night's changeful orb, blue pole, and silvery zones, Where other worlds encircle other suns, One Mind inhabits, one diffusive Soul Wields the large limbs, and mingles with the whole.

THE SECOND EDITION, CORRECTED.

LONDON: PRINTED FOR. J. JOHNSON, IN ST. PAUL'S CHURCH YARD. 1796.

Entered at Stationers' Hall.

DEDICATION.

To the candid and ingenious Members of the College of Physicians, of the Royal Philosophical Society, of the Two Universities, and to all those, who study the Operations of the Mind as a Science, or who practice Medicine as a Profession, the subsequent Work is, with great respect, inscribed by the Author,

DERBY, May 1, 1794.

CONTENTS.

Preface. SECT. I. Of Motion. II. Explanations and Definitions. III. The Motions of the Retina demonstrated by Experiments. IV. Laws of Animal Causation. V. Of the four Faculties or Motions of the Sensorium. VI. Of the four Classes of Fibrous Motions. VII. Of Irritative Motions. VIII. Of Sensitive Motions. IX. Of Voluntary Motions. X. Of Associate Motions. XI. Additional Observations on the Sensorial Powers. XII. Of Stimulus, Sensorial Exertion, and Fibrous Contraction. XIII. Of Vegetable Animation. XIV. Of the Production of Ideas. XV. Of the Classes of Ideas. XVI. Of Instinct. XVII. The Catenation of Animal Motions. XVIII. Of Sleep. XIX. Of Reverie. XX. Of Vertigo. XXI. Of Drunkenness. XXII. Of Propensity to Motion. Repetition. Imitation. XXIII. Of the Circulatory System. XXIV. Of the Secretion of Saliva, and of Tears. And of the Lacrymal Sack. XXV. Of the Stomach and Intestines. XXVI. Of the Capillary Glands, and of the Membranes. XXVII. Of Hemorrhages. XXVIII. The Paralysis of the Lacteals. XXIX. The Retrograde Motions of the Absorbent Vessels. XXX. The Paralysis of the Liver. XXXI. Of Temperaments. XXXII. Diseases of Irritation. XXXIII. of Sensation. XXXIV. of Volition. XXXV. of Relation. XXXVI. The Periods of Diseases. XXXVII. Of Digestion, Secretion, Nutrition. XXXVIII. Of the Oxygenation of the Blood in the Lungs and Placenta. XXXIX. Of Generation. XL. Of Ocular Spectra.

TO

ERASMUS DARWIN,

ON HIS WORK INTITLED

ZOONOMIA,

By DEWHURST BILSBORROW.

HAIL TO THE BARD! who sung, from Chaos hurl'd How suns and planets form'd the whirling world; How sphere on sphere Earth's hidden strata bend, And caves of rock her central fires defend; Where gems new born their twinkling eyes unfold, 5 And young ores shoot in arborescent gold. How the fair Flower, by Zephyr woo'd, unfurls Its panting leaves, and waves its azure curls; Or spreads in gay undress its lucid form To meet the sun, and shuts it to the storm; 10 While in green veins impassion'd eddies move, And Beauty kindles into life and love. How the first embryon fibre, sphere, or cube, Lives in new forms, a line, a ring, a tube; Closed in the womb with limbs unfinish'd laves, 15 Sips with rude mouth the salutary waves; Seeks round its cell the sanguine streams, that pass, And drinks with crimson gills the vital gas; Weaves with soft threads the blue meandering vein, The heart's red concave, and the silver brain; 20 Leads the long nerve, expands the impatient sense, And clothes in silken skin the nascent Ens... Continue reading book >>




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