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The life and teaching of Karl Marx   By:

The life and teaching of Karl Marx by M. Beer

First Page:

Transcriber's Note: Inconsistent hyphenation in the original document has been preserved. Obvious typographical errors have been corrected. For a complete list, please see the end of this document.

SOCIAL STUDIES SERIES

( VOLUME TWO ).

THE LIFE AND TEACHING OF KARL MARX

FIRST PUBLISHED IN 1921

[ All rights reserved. ]

THE

LIFE AND TEACHING

OF

KARL MARX

BY M. BEER Author of "A History of British Socialism"

TRANSLATED BY T.C. PARTINGTON AND H.J. STENNING, AND REVISED BY THE AUTHOR

NATIONAL LABOUR PRESS, LIMITED, LONDON: 8/9, JOHNSON'S COURT, E.C. 4 MANCHESTER: 30, BLACKFRIARS STREET

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER PAGE

INTRODUCTION:

I. THE SIGNIFICANCE OF MARX ix.

II. THE WORK OF HEGEL xiii.

I. PARENTS AND FRIENDS:

I. MARX'S APPRENTICESHIP 1

II. STUDENT 3

III. BEGINNINGS OF PUBLIC LIFE 11

II. THE FORMATIVE PERIOD OF MARXISM:

I. THE FRANCO GERMAN YEAR BOOKS 15

II. FRIENDSHIP WITH FRIEDRICH ENGELS 19

III. CONTROVERSY WITH BAUER AND RUGE 21

IV. CONTROVERSY WITH PROUDHON 26

III. YEARS OF AGITATION AND VARYING FORTUNES:

I. THE REVOLUTIONARY SPIRIT OF THE FORTIES 39

II. THE COMMUNIST MANIFESTO 41

III. THE REVOLUTION OF 1848 48

IV. DAYS OF CLOUD AND SUNSHINE IN LONDON 51

V. THE INTERNATIONAL 54

VI. THE PARIS COMMUNE 59

VII. THE EVENING OF LIFE 60

IV. THE MARXIAN SYSTEM:

I. THE MATERIALIST CONCEPTION OF HISTORY 65

II. CLASSES, CLASS STRUGGLES AND CLASS CONSCIOUSNESS 78

III. THE ROLE OF THE LABOUR MOVEMENT AND THE PROLETARIAN DICTATORSHIP 84

IV. OUTLINES OF THE ECONOMIC DOCTRINES 93

V. CONCLUSION 125

INTRODUCTION.

I. THE SIGNIFICANCE OF MARX.

Karl Marx belongs to the ranks of those philosophical and sociological thinkers who throw potent thought ferment into the world, and set in motion the masses of mankind. They awaken slumbering doubts and contradictions. They proclaim new modes of thought, new social forms. Their systems may sooner or later become obsolete, and the ruthless march of time may finally overthrow their intellectual edifice; meanwhile, however, they stimulate into activity the minds of countless men, inflame countless human hearts, imprinting on them characteristics which are transmitted to coming generations. This is the grandest and finest work to which any human being can be called. Because these thinkers have lived and worked, their contemporaries and successors think more clearly, feel more intensely, and are richer in knowledge and self consciousness.

The history of philosophy and of social science is comprised in such systems and generalisations. They are the index to the annals of mankind. None of these systems is complete, none comprehends all human motives and capacities, none exhausts all the forces and currents of human society... Continue reading book >>




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