By: Charlotte Mary Yonge (1823-1901)
|Life of John Coleridge Patteson : Missionary Bishop of the Melanesian Islands
By: Benedictus de Spinoza (1632-1677)
|Improvement of the Understanding
|Theologico-Political Treatise — Part 1
|Ethics — Part 1
|Theologico-Political Treatise — Part 4
|Theologico-Political Treatise — Part 2
|Ethics — Part 3
|Theologico-Political Treatise — Part 3
|Ethics — Part 2
|Ethics — Part 5
|Ethics — Part 4
By: John Dewey (1859-1952)
|Democracy and Education: an introduction to the philosophy of education
By: Thomas Henry Huxley (1825-1895)
|Evolution and Ethics
|Hume (English Men of Letters Series)
|Lay Sermons, Addresses and Reviews
By: Albert Schweitzer (1875-1965)
The Quest of the Historical Jesus
In this book, Schweitzer traces the historical progress of 'Historical Jesus' research, from Hermann Reimarus in the mid 18th century, to William Wrede at the turn of the 20th. Schweitzer showed how Jesus' image had changed with the times and with the personal proclivities of the various authors. He concluded with his own synopsis and interpretation of what had been learned over the course of the previous century. He took the position that the life of Jesus must be interpreted in the light of Jesus' own convictions, which he characterized as those of late Jewish eschatology. (Introduction from Wikipedia, modified by JoeD)
By: Oliver Lodge (1851-1940)
|Life and Matter A Criticism of Professor Haeckel's 'Riddle of the Universe'
By: Friedrich Engels (1820-1895)
|Feuerbach: The roots of the socialist philosophy
By: John S. C. Abbott (1805-1877)
|The Child at Home The Principles of Filial Duty, Familiarly Illustrated
By: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716)
The Monadology (La Monadologie, 1714) is one of Gottfried Leibniz’s best known works representing his later philosophy. It is a short text which sketches in some 90 paragraphs a metaphysics of simple substances, or monads. What he proposed can be seen as a modification of occasionalism developed by latter-day Cartesians. Leibniz surmised that there are indefinitely many substances individually ‘programmed’ to act in a predetermined way, each program being coordinated with all the others. This is the pre-established harmony which solved the mind body problem at the cost of declaring any interaction between substances a mere appearance, something which Leibniz accepted...
By: Elbert Hubbard (1856-1915)
|A Message to Garcia Being a Preachment
By: Baron Paul Henri Thiry d'Holbach (1723-1789)
In 1770, Baron D'Holbach published his masterpiece, "Systeme de la Nature", which for a long time passed as the posthumous work of M. de Mirabaud. That text-book of "Atheistical Philosophy" caused a great sensation, and two years later, 1772, the Baron published this excellent abridgment of it, freed from arbitrary ideas; and by its clearness of expression, facility, and precision of style, rendered it most suitable for the average student. This text is based on an undated English translation of "Le Bon Sens" published c. 1900. The name of the translator was not stated.
By: Gautama Buddha (563-483 BC)
Der Wahrheitpfad (Dhammapadam)
Das Dhammapada ist eine Anthologie von Aussprüchen des Buddha. Dabei sind die Verse so ausgewählt, dass sie den Kern der Lehre des Buddha wiedergeben. Es ist einer der bekanntesten Texte dieser Lehre und findet seine weiteste Verbreitung im südlichen Buddhismus. Dort begleitet es die Schüler des Buddha vom Anfang bis zum Ende ihres Pfades. Darüber hinaus ist es ein Meisterwerk sowohl der frühen buddhistischen Literatur als auch der indischen Tradition des Karvya (Belle Lettre).
The Persian Hidden Words
Kalimát-i-Maknúnih or The Hidden Words is a book written in Baghdad around 1857 by Bahá’u'lláh, the founder of the Bahá’í Faith. This work is written partly in Arabic and partly in Persian. The Hidden Words is written in the form of a collection of short utterances, 71 in Arabic and 82 in Persian, in which Bahá’u'lláh claims to have taken the basic essence of certain spiritual truths and written them in brief form. Bahá’ís are advised by `Abdu’l-Bahá, the son of Bahá’u'lláh to read them every day and every night and to implement its latent wisdom into their daily lives...
By: Charles F. Dole
The Coming People
Dole briefly sketches the history of life, and shows how it has a definite direction - toward the survival of the kind and gentle people. It's a challenging, and quite persuasive argument, and also a much needed one in light of the dog-eat-dog theories out there. Dole shows that in our evolving society, our traditional understanding of "survival of the fittest" needs to be updated. A book that was way ahead of its time, yet so suited to it. Some may argue that - since he was writing The Coming People before the first two world wars - that he was obviously wrong...
By: Edward Granville Browne
A year amongst the Persians; impressions as to the life, character, and thought
Edward Granville Browne (1862 – 1926), born in Stouts Hill, Uley, Gloucestershire, England, was a British orientalist who published numerous articles and books of academic value, mainly in the areas of history and literature. His works are respected for their scholarship, uniqueness, and style. He published in areas which few other Western scholars had explored to any sufficient degree. He used a language and style that showed high respect for everybody, even toward those he personally did not view in positive light...
By: William Godwin (1756-1836)
|Thoughts on Man, His Nature, Productions and Discoveries
By: George Edward Moore
George Edward Moore, usually known as G. E. Moore, (1873 – 1958) was a distinguished and influential English philosopher. He was, with Bertrand Russell, Ludwig Wittgenstein, and (before them) Gottlob Frege, one of the founders of the analytic tradition in philosophy. Principia Ethica is one of the standard texts of modern ethics.
By: George Douglas Watson (1845-1924)
A guide for Christians to walk a godly life. Covering various practical and spiritual topics.
By: Albertus Magnus (1193-1280)
On Union With God
Surely the most deeply-rooted need of the human soul, its purest aspiration, is for the closest possible union with God. As one turns over the pages of this little work, written by Blessed Albert the Great towards the end of his life, when that great soul had ripened and matured, one feels that here indeed is the ideal of one's hopes. (From the Preface)
By: F. Max Müller (1823-1900)
|The Silesian Horseherd - Questions of the Hour
By: B. G. (Benjamin Grant) Jefferis (1851-)
|Searchlights on Health: Light on Dark Corners A Complete Sexual Science and a Guide to Purity and Physical Manhood, Advice To Maiden, Wife, And Mother, Love, Courtship, And Marriage
By: Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield
Letters to His Son on the Art of Becoming a Man of the World and a Gentleman
Philip Stanhope, Earl of Chesterfield, was at one time Ambassador to the Hague, negotiated the second Treaty of Vienna, was a founding governor of London’s Foundling Hospital, Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland, and Secretary of State. Having no legitimate children, his heir was his third cousin (another Philip) whom he adopted. Although known as a hard, calculating man, he is most well known for his letters to his natural son (i.e., illegitimate son) (also called Philip). When Philip died in 1768, the letters are addressed to his grandchildren (Philip’s two sons, Charles, and, yes, Philip!)...
By: John Toland (1670-1722)
Pantheisticon: or, the Form Of Celebrating the Socratic-Society. Divided into Three Parts. Which Contain, I. The Morals and Axioms of the Pantheists; or the Brotherhood. II. Their Deity and Philosophy. III. Their Liberty, and a Law, neither deceiving, nor to be deceived. To which is prefix’d a Discourse upon the Antient and Modern Societies of the Learned, as also upon the Infinite and Eternal Universe. And subjoined, a short dissertation upon a Two-fold Philosophy of the Pantheists, that is to be followed; together with an Idea of the best and most accomplished Man...
By: Flavius Philostratus
The Life of Apollonius of Tyana
Apollonius of Tyana (ca. 40-120 AD) was a Greek Pythagorean philosopher and teacher. He hailed from the town of Tyana in the Roman province of Cappadocia in Asia Minor. His date of birth is a matter of conjecture as some say he was roughly a contemporary of Jesus.After Apollonius' death his name remained famous among philosophers and occultists. In a "novelistic invention" inserted in the Historia Augusta, Aurelian, at the siege of Tyana in 272, was said to have experienced a visionary dream in which Aurelian claimed to have seen Apollonius speak to him, beseeching him to spare the city of his birth...
By: Bhakti Seva
The Hindu Book of Astrology
Each person is born in or under one of the twelve signs of the Zodiac and is thus influenced throughout life by the planetary conditions at their time of birth. By referring to your sign, which is indicated by your date and month of birth you can determine your natural tendencies and what is best for you to attract. No matter what one of the twelve signs of the Zodiac you are born under, you can develop into a good and successful person if you will pay strict attention to the golden truths printed in this book. (Bhakti Seva)
By: William C. Hunter
Pep: Poise, Efficiency, Peace
Colonel William Crosbie Hunter was a businessman and self-help writer who was moderately popular in the early 20th century. His books set forth his personal philosophy on health, happiness, human relations, and success in the business world. Pep, billed as "A book of how's not why's for physical and mental efficiency," was published in 1914 and went through several editions. (Introduction by Pleonic)
By: Daniel Garrison Brinton (1837-1899)
|The Religious Sentiment Its Source and Aim: A Contribution to the Science and Philosophy of Religion
By: Woodrow Wilson (1856-1924)
|On Being Human
|When a Man Comes to Himself
By: Clarence Darrow (1857-1938)
Crime: Its Cause and Treatment
Clarence Darrow was an American lawyer. He remains notable for his wit and agnosticism, which marked him as one of the most famous American lawyers and civil libertarians.In this book, Darrow expands on his lifelong contention that psychological, physical, and environmental influences—not a conscious choice between right and wrong—control human behavior. To my ears (the reader's), the author has a rather simplistic behaviourist view of human behaviour, but he argues his position with wonderful clarity...
By: John Harvey Kellogg (1852-1943)
|Plain Facts for Old and Young
By: Orison Swett Marden (1848-1924)
|Cheerfulness as a Life Power
By: John Morley (1838-1923)
|Diderot and the Encyclopædists (Vol 1 of 2)
|Diderot and the Encyclopædists Volume II.
By: Abdu’l-Bahá ‘Abbás (1844-1921)
Talks by Abdul Baha Given in Paris
“Much has already been written of the visit of Abdul Baha, Abbas Effendi, to Europe,” writes Lady Blomfield in her Preface to Paris Talks, “During his stay at Paris at 4, Avenue de Comoens, he gave short “Talks” each morning to those who crowded, eager to hear His Teaching. These listeners were of many Nationalities and types of thought, learned and unlearned, members of various religious sects, Theosophists and Agnostics, Materialists and Spiritualists, etc., etc. Abdul Baha spoke in Persian, which was translated into French...
By: J Hudson Taylor (1832-1905)
Union and Communion - or Thoughts on the Song of Solomon
This little book, whose design is to lead the devout Bible student into the Green Pastures of the Good Shepherd, thence to the Banqueting House of the King, and thence to the service of the Vineyard, is one of the abiding legacies of Mr. Hudson Taylor to the Church. In the power of an evident unction from the Holy One, he has been enabled herein to unfold in simplest language the deep truth of the believer's personal union with the Lord, which under symbol and imagery is the subject of The Song of Songs. (From the Foreword by J Stuart Holden).
By: Confucius (551 BCE-479 BCE)
The Analects, or Lunyu (simplified Chinese: 论语; traditional Chinese: 論語; pinyin: Lún Yǔ; literally "Classified/Ordered Sayings"), also known as the Analects of Confucius, are considered a record of the words and acts of the central Chinese thinker and philosopher Confucius and his disciples, as well as the discussions they held. Written during the Spring and Autumn Period through the Warring States Period (ca. 475 BC - 221 BC), the Analects is the representative work of Confucianism and continues to have a substantial influence on Chinese and East Asian thought and values today...
The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali
Yoga sutras by Patanjali is a seminal work in yoga, this book is more about control of mind and the true goal of yoga. The sutras are extremely brief, and the translation in neat English makes it very easy for people to understand the ancient Sanskrit text. It starts with the birth and growth of spiritual man through the control of mind. In all, this is a "all in one" book for yoga philosophy written by the master himself.
By: Philip Dormer Stanhope Chesterfield (1694-1773)
|Quotes and Images from Chesterfield's Letters to His Son
By: Vernon Lee (1856-1935)
|The Beautiful An Introduction to Psychological Aesthetics
By: Pierre-Joseph Proudhon (1809-1865)
|System of Economical Contradictions; or, the Philosophy of Misery
By: John Fiske (1842-1901)
|The Destiny of Man Viewed in the Light of His Origin
By: William A. Alcott (1798-1859)
|The Young Man's Guide
By: William A Alcott (1798-1859)
Young Woman's Guide to Excellence
Much of this guide for young women is still valuable today. Despite mentions of tight lacing and other out of date matters, it contains many timeless principles. (Bria Snow)
By: Mary Wood-Allen (1841-1908)
|What a Young Woman Ought to Know
|Almost A Man
By: St. George William Joseph Stock (1850-)
Guide to Stoicism
This book is a primer on the philosophy of stoicism, resurrected from its origins in Greek and Roman philosophy. The original philosophy was based on a reasoning process which it was assumed would lead to a virtuous life. Zeno, the founder of stoicism, did not begin expounding on its teachings until he was in his forties. He believed that the purpose of life was "to live consistently." Cleanthes, his disciple, added "with nature," so that the purpose of life became "to live consistently with nature."
By: Carveth Read (1848-1931)
|Logic Deductive and Inductive
By: Frederick James Furnivall (1825-1910)
|Early English Meals and Manners
By: George Stuart Fullerton (1859-1925)
|An Introduction to Philosophy
By: Harry A. Lewis
"Some succeed while others fail. This is a recognized fact; yet history tells us that seven-tenths of our most successful men began life poor." A selection of mini-biographies teaches us how some successful men have overcome odds to make their mark on history.
By: Thomas H. Burgoyne (1855-1894)
The Light of Egypt, vol II
"The Light of Egypt" will be found to be an Occult library in itself, a textbook of esoteric knowledge, setting forth the "wisdom Religion" of life, as taught by the Adepts of Hermetic Philosophy. It will richly repay all who are seeking the higher life to carefully study this book, as it contains in a nutshell the wisdom of the ages regarding man and his destiny, here and hereafter. The London and American first edition, also the French edition, Vol. I, met with lively criticism from Blavatsky Theosophists, because it annihilates that agreeable delusion of "Karma" and "Reincarnation" from the minds of all lovers of truth for truth's sake.
By: Leslie Stephen (1832-1904)
|The English Utilitarians
|Social Rights and Duties, Volume I (of 2) Addresses to Ethical Societies
By: Thomas Troward (1847-1916)
|The Doré Lectures being Sunday addresses at the Doré Gallery, London, given in connection with the Higher Thought Centre
By: Henry A. Beers (1847-1926)
|Four Americans Roosevelt, Hawthorne, Emerson, Whitman
By: John Dee (1527-1608)
|The Mathematicall Praeface to Elements of Geometrie of Euclid of Megara
By: Muhammad ibn 'Abd al-Malik Ibn Tufayl (-1185)
|The Improvement of Human Reason Exhibited in the Life of Hai Ebn Yokdhan
|The Awakening of the Soul
By: Henry Drummond
The Greatest Thing in the World and Other Addresses
The spiritual classic The Greatest Thing In the World is a trenchant and tender analysis of Christian love as set forth in the thirteenth chapter of I Corinthians. The other addresses speak to other aspects of Christian life and thought.
By: David Starr Jordan (1851-1931)
|The Philosophy of Despair
By: James Cardinal Gibbons (1834-1921)
The Faith of Our Fathers
The Faith of Our Fathers: A Plain Exposition and Vindication of the Church Founded by Our Lord Jesus Christ is a book published in 1876 by archbishop James Gibbons, which became a best-selling conversion manual in the United States, and by 1980 was in its 111th printing.(From the preface) “The object of this little volume is to present in a plain and practical form an exposition and vindication of the principal tenets of the Catholic Church. It was thought sufficient to devote but a brief space to such Catholic doctrines and practices as are happily admitted by Protestants, while those that are controverted by them are more elaborately elucidated...
By: George Horace Lorimer (1869-1937)
|Old Gorgon Graham More Letters from a Self-Made Merchant to His Son
By: Julia M. Grundy (b. 1874)
Ten Days in the Light of Acca
This work is the story of a pilgrimage made over a hundred years ago by a group of American pilgrims. They were not headed for Canterbury, Rome or Jerusalem. Rather, they were headed for an historical but remote prison-city in a far corner of the Ottoman Empire. ‘Akká (Akko), now a city in Israel which attracts thousands of Bahá’í pilgrims each year, was but little thought of in that early period. It was originally the final place of exile and imprisonment for Bahá’u’lláh, a Persian nobleman who proclaimed that He was the Promised One of all religions and Messenger of God for this day and age...
By: William Graham Sumner (1840-1910)
|What Social Classes Owe to Each Other
By: Winfield Scott Hall (1861-)
|The Biology, Physiology and Sociology of Reproduction Also Sexual Hygiene with Special Reference to the Male
By: Frederic W. Farrar (1831-1903)
|Seekers after God
By: Mary Mills Patrick (1850-1940)
|Sextus Empiricus and Greek Scepticism
By: Charles Francis Adams (1835-1915)
|"'Tis Sixty Years Since" Address of Charles Francis Adams; Founders' Day, January 16, 1913
By: Walter Cox Green
|The Book of Good Manners; a Guide to Polite Usage for All Social Functions
By: Richard W. Church (1815-1890)
This investigation of Bacon the scholar and man of letters begins with a look at the early days ang progresses to his relationships with Queen Elizabeth and James I. It includes accounts of his positions as solicitor general, attorney-general, and chancellor. The book concludes with Bacon's failure, his overall philosophy, and summaries of his writings.
By: Ralph Barton Perry (1876-1957)
|The Approach to Philosophy
|The Moral Economy
By: Mírzá Abu’l-Fadl Gulpáygání (1844-1914)
The Brilliant Proof (Burhäne Lämé) in reply to an attack upon the Bahai Revelation by Peter Z. Easton
“In these days,” writes the renowned Bahá’í scholar, Mírzá Abu’l-Fadl, “which are the latter days of 1911, A. D. and the early days of 1330 A. H., I have seen a curious article which astonished me. What did I see? I find that one of the missionaries of the Protestant sect, who accounts himself among the learned men of the twentieth century, a helper of the pure religion of Christ and one of the civilized and cultured occidentals, by name, Peter Z. Easton, has been so provoked by jealousy...
By: George John Romanes (1848-1894)
|Mind and Motion and Monism
By: John Cowper Powys (1872-1963)
|The Complex Vision
By: The Three Initiates
Kybalion (version 2)
The Kybalion: Hermetic Philosophy is a 1908 book claiming to be the essence of the teachings of Hermes Trismegistus, published anonymously by a group or person under the pseudonym of "the Three Initiates". The Kybalion was first published in 1908 by the Yogi Publication Society and is now in the public domain, and can be found on the internet. The book purports to be based upon ancient Hermeticism, though many of its ideas are relatively modern concepts arising from the New Thought movement. The book early on makes the claim that it makes its appearance in one's life when the time is appropriate and includes variations of material found in the book of Proverbs...
By: Swami Abhedananda (1866-1939)
|Five Lectures on Reincarnation
By: Robert Haven Schauffler (1879-1964)
|The Joyful Heart
By: Constantin-F. Volney (1757-1820)
|The Ruins, or, Meditation on the Revolutions of Empires and the Law of Nature
By: Thomas Browne
Religio Medici and Hydriotaphia
Religio Medici (The Religion of a Doctor) sets out Sir Thomas Browne's spiritual testament as well as being an early psychological self-portrait. In its day, the book was a European best-seller. It was published in 1643 by the newly-qualified physician, and its unorthodox views placed it swiftly upon the Papal Index Librorum Prohibitorum in 1645. Although predominantly concerned with Christian faith, the Religio also meanders into digressions upon alchemy, hermetic philosophy, astrology, and physiognomy...
By: William H. Mallock (1849-1923)
|Is Life Worth Living?
By: Josephine Preston Peabody (1874-1922)
Josephine Preston Peabody was an American poet and dramatist. She was born in New York and educated at the Girls’ Latin School, Boston, and at Radcliffe College.
By: Charles Bradlaugh (1833-1891)
|Ancient and Modern Celebrated Freethinkers
By: Edith B. Lowry (1878-1945)
|Herself Talks with Women Concerning Themselves
By: Edith B. Ordway (1877-)
|The Etiquette of To-day
By: John H. Young
|Our Deportment Or the Manners, Conduct and Dress of the Most Refined Society