By: Leo Tolstoy (1828-1920)
As Russia goes to war against Japan, Tolstoy urges those at all levels of society, from the Tsar down to the common soldier, to consider their actions in the light of Christ's teaching. "However strange this may appear, the most effective and certain deliverance of men from all the calamities which they inflict upon themselves and from the most dreadful of all—war—is attainable, not by any external general measures, but merely by that simple appeal to the consciousness of each separate man which, nineteen hundred years ago, was proposed by Jesus—that every man bethink himself, and ask himself, who is he, why he lives, and what he should and should not do...
By: Leslie Stephen (1832-1904)
|The English Utilitarians|
|Social Rights and Duties, Volume I (of 2) Addresses to Ethical Societies|
By: Lewis Carroll (1832-1898)
|The Game of Logic|
By: Lysander Spooner
Essay on the Trial by Jury
FOR more than six hundred years that is, since Magna Carta, in 1215 there has been no clearer principle of English or American constitutional law, than that, in criminal cases, it is not only the right and duty of juries to judge what are the facts, what is the law, and what was the moral intent of the accused; but that it is also their right, and their primary and paramount duty, to judge of the justice of the law, and to hold all laws invalid, that are, in their opinion, unjust or oppressive, and all persons guiltless in violating, or resisting the execution of, such laws...
By: M. M. Mangasarian (1859-1943)
The Truth About Jesus. Is He a Myth?
The following work offers in book form the series of studies on the question of the historicity of Jesus, presented from time to time before the Independent Religious Society in Orchestra Hall, Chicago, 1909. No effort has been made to change the manner of the spoken, into the more regular form of the written, word.
By: Mabel Anne McKee (1886-)
|The Heart of the Rose|
By: Marcus Aurelius (121-180)
Marcus Aurelius was a Roman Emperor and philosopher who wrote Meditations; insights which were considered to give the meaning of life. The book was not written with the intent to be published. It offers a noteworthy chain of challenging situations which are a reflection on spirituality and enumerate the struggle to understand oneself and one's role in the universe. Written in the style of a journal, Meditations emphasizes that life in this world is short. Aurelius was a stoic philosopher who had influenced the thoughts of many leaders in his time...
By: Marcus Tullius Cicero (106 BC - 43 BC)
|The Academic Questions, Treatise De Finibus, and Tusculan Disputations, of M.T. Cicero, With a Sketch of the Greek Philosophers Mentioned by Cicero|
By: Margaret Slattery
|The Girl and Her Religion|
By: Marguerite Bernard and Edith Serrell
A young New-Yorker of twelve heard an appeal for the Fatherless Children of France and his heart was touched. He had no money, but he resolved to give his spare time and his utmost energy to support a "kid in France." The French child needed ten cents worth of extra food each day, in order to grow up with strength and courage. The little American godfather earned those ten cents; he sold newspapers at the subway entrance, after school hours, and undertook an amazing variety of more or less lucrative odd jobs...
By: Martin Luther (1483-1546)
|Martin Luther's 95 Theses|
By: Mary Everest Boole (1832-1916)
Philosophy and Fun of Algebra
Mary Everest Boole (1832-1916) was born Mary Everest in England and spent her early years in France. She married mathematician George Boole. She was the author of several works on teaching and teaching mathematics in particular. This short book, Philosophy and Fun of Algebra, is meant to be read by children and introduces algebra and logic. She uses the word “algebra” broadly, defining it as a “method of solving problems by honest confession of one’s ignorance”. Using this definition, Boole introduces, in a conversational manner, the concepts of logic and algebra, illustrating these concepts with stories and anecdotes, often from biblical sources...
By: Mary Greer Conklin
|Conversation What to Say and How to Say it|
By: Mary Mills Patrick (1850-1940)
|Sextus Empiricus and Greek Scepticism|
By: Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797)
A Vindication of the Rights of Woman
Regarded as the one of the earliest examples of feminist philosophy, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman is written as a direct response to Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, a French politician who delivered a report to the French National Assembly suggesting that women should only receive domestic education and additionally encourages women to stay clear of political affairs. In her treatise, Wollstonecraft avidly criticizes this inadequate perception of women as an inferior sex and attacks social inequality, while also arguing for women’s rights in the hope of redefining their position both in society and in marriage...
By: Mary Wood-Allen (1841-1908)
|What a Young Woman Ought to Know|
|Almost A Man|
By: Maud C. Cooke
|Social Life or, The Manners and Customs of Polite Society|
By: Max Heindel (1865-1918)
The Rosicrucian Mysteries
A primer for those interested in the basic philosophy, beliefs & secrets of the Rosicrucians.
By: Max Pearson Cushing (1886-1951)
|Baron D'Holbach : a Study of Eighteenth Century Radicalism in France|
By: Max Stirner (1806-1856)
The Ego and His Own
In this book, his most famous, Max Stirner presents a philosophical case for a radical egoism that shuns the socially-oriented outlooks of both "establishment" ideologies and of revolutionaries in favor of an extreme individualism. The book is most widely talked about today only through the lens of other philosophers' thought: Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels launched a famous assault on it in The German Ideology, and some draw a connection between Stirner's thoughts here and Nietzsche's egoism a generation later. But it is worth reading in its own right, as much for its lyricism as the challenge of its philosophical proposals.
By: Michel Eyquem de Montaigne (1533-1592)
Essays, Book 1
Michel Eyquem de Montaigne is one of the most influential writers of the French Renaissance, known for popularising the essay as a literary genre and is popularly thought of as the father of Modern Skepticism. He became famous for his effortless ability to merge serious intellectual speculation with casual anecdotes and autobiography—and his massive volume Essais (translated literally as "Attempts") contains, to this day, some of the most widely influential essays ever written.
By: Muhammad ibn 'Abd al-Malik Ibn Tufayl (-1185)
|The Improvement of Human Reason Exhibited in the Life of Hai Ebn Yokdhan|
|The Awakening of the Soul|
By: Nella Braddy Henney (1894-)
|The Book of Business Etiquette|
By: Newell Dwight Hillis (1858-1929)
|The Investment of Influence A Study of Social Sympathy and Service|
By: Niccolò Machiavelli (1469-1527)
Machiavelli has created a ruthless guide on how to rule the country in his volume "The Prince". The book is dedicated to Lorenzo De Medici, the ruler of Florence. The author explains in simple language about the nature of great men and the characters of the government. The first chapter gives an outline of the book discussing various styles of ruling as a prince, character traits that a ruler should have and the political situation of Italy in the 16th century. The book is composed of 26 chapters which fall into four major sections...
|Machiavelli, Volume I|
By: Okakura Kakuzo (1863-1913)
The Book of Tea
The Book of Tea was written by Okakura Kakuzo in the early 20th century. It was first published in 1906, and has since been republished many times. – In the book, Kakuzo introduces the term Teaism and how Tea has affected nearly every aspect of Japanese culture, thought, and life. The book is noted to be accessibile to Western audiences because though Kakuzo was born and raised Japanese, he was trained from a young age to speak English; and would speak it all his life, becoming proficient at communicating his thoughts in the Western Mind...