By: René Descartes (1596-1650)
Meditations on First Philosophy
The foundations of modern skepticism and objective thinking are thought to be rooted in the philosophy of Rene Descartes, the French mathematician, philosopher and writer. This great sixteenth century thinker also gave us theories on mind-body dualism and the concept of ethics as the highest form of science. He is considered the Father of Modern Western Philosophy. His theories also led to the emancipation of humanity from the doctrine that the Church is the sole authority over Man and led to a more autonomous idea of the human condition...
Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting One's Reason and of Seeking Truth in the Sciences
The Discourse on Method is best known as the source of the famous quotation “cogito ergo sum”, “I think, therefore I am.” …. It is a method which gives a solid platform from which all modern natural sciences could evolve. With this work, the idea of skepticism was revived from the ancients such as Sextus Empiricus and modified to account for a truth that Descartes found to be incontrovertible. Descartes started his line of reasoning by doubting everything, so as to assess the world from a fresh perspective, clear of any preconceived notions.
|(French) Discours de la méthode|
|(German) Betrachtungen über die Grundlagen der Philosophie|
|(Latin) Meditationes de prima philosophia|
|A Discourse of a Method for the Well Guiding of Reason and the Discovery of Truth in the Sciences|
|(Finnish) Metodin esitys Mielenliikutuksien tutkistelu. Metafyysillisiä mietelmiä.|