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The Future of the American Negro   By: (1856-1915)

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[Transcriber's Note: Every effort has been made to replicate this text as faithfully as possible, including obsolete and variant spellings and other inconsistencies.]



Booker T. Washington

Boston Small, Maynard & Company 1900

Copyright, 1899, By Small, Maynard & Company ( Incorporated )

Entered at Stationers' Hall

First Edition (2,000 copies), November, 1899 Second Edition (2,000 copies), February, 1900

Press of George H. Ellis, Boston, U.S.A.

[Illustration: Booker T. Washington.]


In giving this volume to the public, I deem it fair to say that I have yielded to the oft repeated requests that I put in some more definite and permanent form the ideas regarding the Negro and his future which I have expressed many times on the public platform and through the public press and magazines.

I make grateful acknowledgment to the "Atlantic Monthly" and "Appleton's Popular Science Monthly" for their kindness in granting permission for the use of some part of articles which I have at various times contributed to their columns.




Chapter I. Page 3

First appearance of Negroes in America Rapid increase Conditions during Civil War During the reconstruction.

Chapter II. Page 16

Responsibility of the whole country for the Negro Progress in the past Same methods of education do not fit all cases Proved in the case of the Southern Negro Illustrations Lack of money Comparison between outlay for schools North and South Duty of North to South.

Chapter III. Page 42

Decadence of Southern plantation Demoralization of Negroes natural No home life before the war Too much classical education at the start Lack of practical training Illustrations The well trained slaves now dead Former plantations as industrial schools The decayed plantation built up by a former slave Misunderstanding of industrial education.

Chapter IV. Page 67

The Negroes' proper use of education Hayti, Santo Domingo, and Liberia as illustrations of the lack of practical training Present necessity for union of all forces to further the cause of industrial education Industrial education not opposed to the higher education Results of practical training so far Little or no prejudice against capable Negroes in business in the South The Negro at first shunned labor as degrading Hampton and Tuskegee aim to remove this feeling The South does not oppose industrial education for the Negroes Address to Tuskegee students setting forth the necessity of steadfastness of purpose.

Chapter V. Page 106

The author's early life At Hampton The inception of the Tuskegee School in 1881 Its growth Scope Size at present Expenses Purposes Methods Building of the chapel Work of the graduates Similar schools beginning throughout the South Tuskegee Negro Conference The Workers' Conference Tuskegee as a trainer of teachers.

Chapter VI. Page 127

The Negro race in politics Its patriotic zeal in 1776 In 1814 In the Civil War In the Spanish War Politics attempted too soon after freedom Poor leaders Two parties in the South, the blacks' and the whites' Not necessarily opposed in interests The Negro should give up no rights The same tests for the restriction of the franchise should be applied alike to both blacks and whites This is not the case Education and the franchise The whites must help the blacks to pure votes Rioting and lynching only to be stopped by mutual confidence... Continue reading book >>

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