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The Journal of Negro History, Volume 5, 1920   By:

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[Transcriber's Note: Every effort has been made to replicate this text as faithfully as possible, including obsolete and variant spellings and other inconsistencies. Text that has been changed to correct an obvious error is noted at the end of this ebook. Also, the transcriber added the Table of Contents.]

THE JOURNAL

OF

NEGRO HISTORY

Volume V

1920

Table of Contents

Vol V January, 1920 No. 1

The Negro in Education LORETTA FUNKE Negro Migration to Canada FRED LANDON Richard Hill FRANK CUNDALL Negroes and Indians in Massachusetts C. G. WOODSON Documents Book Reviews Notes

Vol V April, 1920 No. 2

Negro Public School System in Missouri HENRY SULLIVAN WILLIAMS Religious Education DAVID HENRY SIMS Aftermath of Nat Turner's Insurrection JOHN W. CROMWELL Documents Correspondence Book Reviews Notes

Vol V July, 1920 No. 3

The Slave in Canada WILLIAM RENWICK RIDDELL Book Reviews Notes

Vol V October, 1920 No. 4

The Return of Negro Slaves ARNETT G. LINDSAY The Negro in Politics NORMAN P. ANDREWS Henry Bibb, a Colonizer FRED LANDON Myrtilla Miner G. SMITH WORMLEY Communications Documents Some Undistinguished Negroes Book Reviews Notes

THE JOURNAL

OF

NEGRO HISTORY

VOL. V., NO. 1 JANUARY, 1920.

THE NEGRO IN EDUCATION[1]

In the early history of America there were three types of settlements the French, Spanish, and English. In the French Provinces the teachings of the "Code Noir" made it incumbent upon the masters to teach the slaves, at least to read, in order, of course, that they might read the Bible; and in the Spanish districts the Latin custom of miscegenation prevented the rise of objections to the teaching of slaves, in case there should be any who cared to instruct the Negroes. In the English Provinces, on the other hand, since teaching the slaves would probably result in their becoming Christians, the colonists naturally were strenuous in their efforts to prevent any enlightenment of the blacks, due to the existence of an unwritten law to the effect that no Christian might be held a slave. Many planters forbade the teaching of their slaves, until finally the Bishop of London settled the difficulty by issuing a formal declaration in which he stated that conversion did not work manumission.[2]

The rudimentary education of Negroes was one of the first claims on pioneer Christian teachers. Although the Negro Year Book for 1914 15 makes note of a public school for Indians and Negroes established in 1620, according to Brawley and Du Bois, the first schools to be established were private institutions.[3] In New York City in 1704 a school was opened for Negroes and Indians by Elias Neau and in 1750 Anthony Benezet established an evening school for the blacks in Philadelphia. The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel established in Charleston in 1744 a mission school, in which two Negroes were employed to instruct their fellowmen. The free Negroes in Charleston established a school in 1774 and those in Boston started a school in 1798. In 1764 the editor of a paper in Williamsburg, Virginia, opened a school for Negroes and in 1800 a schoolhouse and 350 acres of ground were left by the will of Robert Pleasants to be used for the benefit of Negro children.[4] About this same time in Newark, New Jersey, the Kosciusko School was established by means of a sum amounting to $13,000 left by Kosciusko for the education of the Negroes.[5] In the Middle West private schools had been organized by manumitted Negroes.

St. Frances Academy, established in Baltimore in 1829, by The Colored Woman's Society, was the first school for colored girls... Continue reading book >>


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