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Manifesto of the Communist Party   By: (1818-1883)

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Manifesto of the Communist Party, written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, is a groundbreaking piece of political literature that continues to incite discussions and debates even after more than a century since its publication. This concise yet influential booklet offers a comprehensive analysis of capitalism, criticizing its inherent flaws and exposing the class struggles that persist within society.

Marx and Engels begin by presenting their theory of historical materialism, asserting that all societal developments are driven by economic forces. Through this lens, they dissect the history of class struggles, highlighting the recurring pattern of oppression and exploitation by the ruling class. By examining different epochs, such as feudalism and capitalism, the authors provide a solid foundation for their revolutionary ideas.

Central to their argument is the concept of bourgeois and proletarian classes. Marx and Engels explain how the bourgeoisie, or the capitalist class, emerged from the ruins of feudal society, gaining power and wealth through the exploitation of the proletariat, the working class. They argue that this dynamic creates an irreconcilable conflict, inevitably leading to revolution and the establishment of a classless society.

The manifesto delves deeper into the nature of capitalism, analyzing its relentless drive for profit and the corresponding alienation of the worker from their labor. Marx and Engels emphasize how capitalism commodifies labor, reducing the worker to a mere cog in the industrial machine. They condemn the exploitation and dehumanization of the proletariat, envisioning a future where labor is emancipated and people are liberated from the constraints of oppressive systems.

One of the manifesto's notable features is its clarity of language and directness of expression. Marx and Engels skillfully distill complex theoretical concepts into accessible terms, making their ideas accessible to a broad readership. This wide dissemination was crucial in inciting revolutionary movements, democratically empowering the oppressed masses.

While the manifesto was initially met with skepticism and even condemnation, it persevered and became a foundational text for socialist and communist movements worldwide. Its impact on subsequent political theory cannot be overstated. Marx and Engels' call for workers' unity, the abolition of private property, and the establishment of a classless society resonate with those who reject the inequities of capitalism.

Despite the significant historical changes that have occurred since the manifesto's publication in 1848, its relevance endures. Manifesto of the Communist Party remains a critical examination of the socioeconomic order and a call to action against inequality. Regardless of one's political affiliation, this thought-provoking work provides a valuable lens through which to understand society's struggles, making it a must-read for anyone interested in political theory or socioeconomic dynamics.

First Page:


Of the








Edited and Annotated by Frederick Engels

Price 10 Cents


Published by the New York Labor News Co., 28 City Hall Place



The "Manifesto" was published as the platform of the "Communist League," a workingmen's association, first exclusively German, later on international, and, under the political conditions of the Continent before 1848, unavoidably a secret society. At a Congress of the League, held in London in November, 1847, Marx and Engels were commissioned to prepare for publication a complete theoretical and practical party programme. Drawn up in German, in January, 1848, the manuscript was sent to the printer in London a few weeks before the French revolution of February 24. A French translation was brought out in Paris, shortly before the insurrection of June, 1848. The first English translation, by Miss Helen Macfarlane, appeared in George Julian Harney's "Red Republican," London, 1850. A Danish and a Polish edition had also been published.

The defeat of the Parisian insurrection of June, 1848 the first great battle between Proletariat and Bourgeoisie drove again into the background, for a time, the social and political aspirations of the European working class... Continue reading book >>

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