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Morphological Variation in a Population of the Snake, Tantilla gracilis Baird and Girard   By:

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Transcriber's Notes

This Plain Text version represents italic typeface with underscores and small caps typeface with ALL CAPS.

Only a few changes were necessary to the text in the case of typographical errors, as follows:

Page 623 Table 3 column heading: changed "or" to "of" (Number of specimens).

Page 625: changed "percent" to "per cent" (92 per cent of the time).

UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS PUBLICATIONS MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY

Volume 17, No. 15, pp. 613 629, 6 figs. May 14, 1968

Morphological Variation in a Population of the Snake, Tantilla gracilis Baird and Girard

BY

LAURENCE M. HARDY AND CHARLES J. COLE

UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS LAWRENCE 1968

UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS PUBLICATIONS, MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY

Editors: E. Raymond Hall, Chairman, Frank B. Cross, Henry S. Fitch, J. Knox Jones, Jr.

Volume 17, No. 15, pp. 613 629, 6 figs. Published May 14, 1968

University of Kansas Lawrence, Kansas

PRINTED BY ROBERT R. (BOB) SANDERS, STATE PRINTER TOPEKA, KANSAS 1968

31 9422

Morphological Variation in a Population of the Snake, Tantilla gracilis Baird and Girard

By

LAURENCE M. HARDY AND CHARLES J. COLE

INTRODUCTION

Variation of selected taxonomic characteristics of flat headed snakes ( Tantilla gracilis Baird and Girard) from several midwestern states was studied by Force (1935), but she did not attempt a comprehensive evaluation. Taylor (1936) reported on variation in T. gracilis from various localities in Kansas; Kirn, Burger, and Smith (1949) studied selected structures of specimens of T. gracilis from throughout its range. The present study was undertaken to determine the variation in both currently used and potential taxonomic characteristics of T. gracilis from one locality.

We are thankful to Charles W. Myers, Gorgas Memorial Laboratory, for suggestions concerning characteristics examined. We are indebted to Drs. William G. Degenhardt, University of New Mexico, Herndon G. Dowling, New York Zoological Society, Charles H. Lowe, University of Arizona, and Richard G. Zweifel, American Museum of Natural History, for criticizing the manuscript. Dr. William E. Duellman permitted us to study specimens in the University of Kansas Museum of Natural History.

Materials and Methods

The specimens examined were donated to the Museum of Natural History, University of Kansas, by the late Paul Anderson of Independence, Missouri. All specimens (KU numbers 83435 83680; N = 246) were collected in the vicinity of Winfield, Cowley County, Kansas, by Charles E. Burt and students from Southwestern College in the period from 1938 to 1941, inclusive.

Both authors gathered data on most characteristics and examined each atypical individual. Hardy determined characters of the maxillae (which were removed; N = 20), body and total lengths, and the scale formula of KU 83620.

We examined 22 characteristics of external morphology and 10 of the maxillae. All paired characteristics (excepting those of the maxillae) were examined on both sides of each snake and are referred to from the left side to the right side (for example, "preoculars 1 2" means there is one preocular on the left side and there are two on the right). Oviducts and oviducal eggs were observed on specimens designated as females; hemipenes were examined on specimens designated as males. Total length was measured by straightening each snake along a 300 mm... Continue reading book >>




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