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Orthodoxy: Its Truths And Errors   By: (1810-1888)

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Its Truths And Errors


James Freeman Clarke

"Soleo enim in allena castra transire, non tanquam transfuga, sed tanquam explorator." SENECA, Epistolæ , 2.

"Fiat lux. Cupio refelli, ubi aberrarim; nihil majus, nihil aliud quam veritatem efflagito." THOMAS BURNET, Arch. Phil.

Fourteenth Edition.


American Unitarian Association.



Preface. Chapter I. Introduction. § 1. Object and Character of this Book. § 2. Progress requires that we should look back as well as forward. § 3. Orthodoxy as Right Belief. § 4. Orthodoxy as the Doctrine of the Majority. Objections. § 5. Orthodoxy as the Oldest Doctrine. Objections. § 6. Orthodoxy as the Doctrine held by all. § 7. Orthodoxy, as a Formula, not to be found. § 8. Orthodoxy as Convictions underlying Opinions. § 9. Substantial Truth and Formal Error in all great Doctrinal Systems. § 10. Importance of this Distinction. § 11. The Orthodox and Liberal Parties in New England. Chapter II. The Principle And Idea Of Orthodoxy Stated And Examined. § 1. The Principle of Orthodoxy defined. § 2. Logical Genesis of the Principle of Orthodoxy. § 3. Orthodoxy assumed to be the Belief of the Majority. § 4. Heterodoxy thus becomes sinful. § 5. The Doctrine of Essentials and Non essentials leads to Rome. § 6. Fallacy in this Orthodox Argument. § 7. The three Tendencies in the Church. § 8. The Party of Works. § 9. The Party of Emotion in Christianity. § 10. The Faith Party in Religion. § 11. Truth in the Orthodox Idea. § 12. Error in the Orthodox Principle. § 13. Faith, Knowledge, Belief, Opinion. Chapter III. The Orthodox Idea Of Natural And Revealed Religion; Or, Naturalism And Supernaturalism. § 1. Meaning of Natural and Supernatural. § 2. The Creation Supernatural. § 3. The Question stated. § 4. Argument of the Supernaturalist from successive Geologic Creations. § 5. Supernatural Argument from Human Freedom. § 6. Supernatural Events not necessarily Violations of Law. § 7. Life and History contain Supernatural Events. § 8. The Error of Orthodox Supernaturalism. § 9. No Conflict between Naturalism and Supernaturalism. § 10. Further Errors of Orthodox Supernaturalism Gulf between Christianity and all other Religions. § 11. Christianity considered unnatural, as well as supernatural by being made hostile to the Nature of Man. Chapter IV. Truths And Errors As Regards Miracles. § 1. The Subject stated. Four Questions concerning Miracles. § 2. The Definition of a Miracle. § 3. The different Explanations of the Miracles of the Bible. § 4. Criticism on these Different Views of Miracles. § 5. Miracles no Proof of Christianity. § 6. But Orthodoxy is right in maintaining their Reality as Historic Facts. § 7. Analogy with other Similar Events recorded in History. § 8. Miracle of the Resurrection. Sceptical Objections. § 9. Final Result of this Examination. Chapter V. Orthodox Idea Of The Inspiration And Authority Of The Bible. § 1. Subject of this Chapter. Three Views concerning the Bible. § 2. The Difficulty. Antiquity of the World, and Age of Mankind. § 3. Basis of the Orthodox Theory of Inspiration. § 4. Inspiration in general, or Natural Inspiration. § 5. Christian or Supernatural Inspiration. § 6. Inspiration of the Scriptures, especially of the New Testament Scriptures. § 7. Authority of the Scriptures. § 8. The Christian Prepossession. § 9. Conclusion. Chapter VI. Orthodox Idea Of Sin, As Depravity And As Guilt. § 1. The Question stated. § 2. The four Moments or Characters of Evil... Continue reading book >>

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