By: Charles Edward Chapman (1880-1941)
Charles Edward Chapman's History of California: The Spanish Period provides a comprehensive overview of the colonization and early history of California by the Spanish. Chapman expertly details the mission system, the activities of Spanish settlers, and the interactions between the Spanish and Indigenous peoples. His thorough research and clear writing make this book an informative and engaging read for anyone interested in the history of California. Chapman's work sheds light on a crucial period in California's past and is a valuable resource for historians and general readers alike.
If you have ever wondered why Spain was first to “settle” the Golden State, this book is for you. Professor Chapman has produced a comprehensive and highly entertaining popular history of “the Californias,” beginning with a nod to geography and the native races and carrying on through to the arrival of Old Glory in 1848.
What might in less capable hands have proved a heavy historical loaf to digest is lightened and leavened with the yeast of “interesting incident” throughout. Consider the plight of the newly-appointed Governor of Alta California, Pedro Fages, whose own wife, the fiery Catalan Doña Eulalia Callis, who, when she wasn't giving away to the “naked indians” all of her own clothes secretly petitioned the authorities in Mexico for his removal from office. The author relates at some length the romantic story of beautiful Conceptión Argüello, who chose to wait faithfully all her life for the return of the rascally Razánov the Russian, with whom she had fallen in love. The tragic conclusion of this affair is touchingly imagined in an extended quote from the famous poem by Bret Harte.
But not all is frivolity. The historical meat is here as well, in breadth and in detail. The author's stated purpose is “to show that California history is important as well as interesting,—that the great Anza expedition of 1775-1776 and the Yuma massacre of 1781 demand inclusion in any comprehensive history of the United States,—that California, while it indeed has a romantic history to tell, has also a great deal more than that to contribute to the cherished traditions of the American people.”
Conceptión de Argüello. by Bret Harte, Presidio de San Francisco, 1800.
- Summary by Steven Seitel