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The Evolution of Man — Volume 1   By: (1834-1919)

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First Page:

THE EVOLUTION OF MAN

A POPULAR SCIENTIFIC STUDY

BY

ERNST HAECKEL

VOLUME 1.

HUMAN EMBRYOLOGY OR ONTOGENY.

TRANSLATED FROM THE FIFTH (ENLARGED) EDITION BY JOSEPH MCCABE.

[ISSUED FOR THE RATIONALIST PRESS ASSOCIATION, LIMITED.]

WATTS & CO., 17, JOHNSONS COURT, FLEET STREET, LONDON, E.C. 1912.

CONTENTS OF VOLUME 1.

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

GLOSSARY.

TRANSLATOR'S PREFACE.

TABLE: CLASSIFICATION OF THE ANIMAL WORLD.

CHAPTER 1.1. THE FUNDAMENTAL LAW OF ORGANIC EVOLUTION.

CHAPTER 1.2. THE OLDER EMBRYOLOGY.

CHAPTER 1.3. MODERN EMBRYOLOGY.

CHAPTER 1.4. THE OLDER PHYLOGENY.

CHAPTER 1.5. THE MODERN SCIENCE OF EVOLUTION.

CHAPTER 1.6. THE OVUM AND THE AMOEBA.

CHAPTER 1.7. CONCEPTION.

CHAPTER 1.8. THE GASTRAEA THEORY.

CHAPTER 1.9. THE GASTRULATION OF THE VERTEBRATE.

CHAPTER 1.10. THE COELOM THEORY.

CHAPTER 1.11. THE VERTEBRATE CHARACTER OF MAN.

CHAPTER 1.12. THE EMBRYONIC SHIELD AND GERMINATIVE AREA.

CHAPTER 1.13. DORSAL BODY AND VENTRAL BODY.

CHAPTER 1.14. THE ARTICULATION OF THE BODY.

CHAPTER 1.15. FOETAL MEMBRANES AND CIRCULATION.

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

PORTRAIT OF ERNST HAECKEL FROM THE PAINTING BY FRANZ VON LEUBACH, 1899 (REPRODUCED BY "JUGEND").

FIGURE 1.1. THE HUMAN OVUM.

FIGURE 1.2. STEM CELL OF AN ECHINODERM.

FIGURE 1.3. THREE EPITHELIAL CELLS.

FIGURE 1.4. FIVE SPINY OR GROOVED CELLS.

FIGURE 1.5. TEN LIVER CELLS.

FIGURE 1.6. NINE STAR SHAPED BONE CELLS.

FIGURE 1.7. ELEVEN STAR SHAPED CELLS.

FIGURE 1.8. UNFERTILISED OVUM OF AN ECHINODERM.

FIGURE 1.9. A LARGE BRANCHING NERVE CELL.

FIGURE 1.10. BLOOD CELLS.

FIGURE 1.11. INDIRECT OR MITOTIC CELL DIVISION.

FIGURE 1.12. MOBILE CELLS.

FIGURE 1.13. OVA OF VARIOUS ANIMALS.

FIGURE 1.14. THE HUMAN OVUM.

FIGURE 1.15. FERTILISED OVUM OF HEN.

FIGURE 1.16. A CREEPING AMOEBA.

FIGURE 1.17. DIVISION OF AN AMOEBA.

FIGURE 1.18. OVUM OF A SPONGE.

FIGURE 1.19. BLOOD CELLS, OR PHAGOCYTES.

FIGURE 1.20. SPERMIA OR SPERMATOZOA.

FIGURE 1.21. SPERMATOZOA OF VARIOUS ANIMALS.

FIGURE 1.22. A SINGLE HUMAN SPERMATOZOON.

FIGURE 1.23. FERTILISATION OF THE OVUM.

FIGURE 1.24. IMPREGNATED ECHINODERM OVUM.

FIGURE 1.25. IMPREGNATION OF THE STAR FISH OVUM.

FIGURES 1.26 AND 1.27. IMPREGNATION OF SEA URCHIN OVUM.

FIGURE 1.28. STEM CELL OF A RABBIT.

FIGURE 1.29. GASTRULATION OF A CORAL.

FIGURE 1.30. GASTRULA OF A GASTRAEAD.

FIGURE 1.31. GASTRULA OF A WORM.

FIGURE 1.32. GASTRULA OF AN ECHINODERM.

FIGURE 1.33. GASTRULA OF AN ARTHROPOD.

FIGURE 1.34. GASTRULA OF A MOLLUSC.

FIGURE 1.35. GASTRULA OF A VERTEBRATE.

FIGURE 1.36. GASTRULA OF A LOWER SPONGE.

FIGURE 1.37. CELLS FROM THE PRIMARY GERMINAL LAYERS.

FIGURE 1.38. GASTRULATION OF THE AMPHIOXUS.

FIGURE 1.39. GASTRULA OF THE AMPHIOXUS.

FIGURE 1.40. CLEAVAGE OF THE FROG'S OVUM.

FIGURES 1.41 TO 1.44. SECTIONS OF FERTILISED TOAD OVUM.

FIGURES 1.45 TO 1.48. GASTRULATION OF THE SALAMANDER.

FIGURE 1.49. SEGMENTATION OF THE LAMPREY.

FIGURE 1.50. GASTRULATION OF THE LAMPREY.

FIGURE 1.51. GASTRULATION OF CERATODUS.

FIGURE 1.52. OVUM OF A DEEP SEA BONY FISH.

FIGURE 1.53. SEGMENTATION OF A BONY FISH.

FIGURE 1.54. DISCOID GASTRULA OF A BONY FISH.

FIGURES 1.55 AND 1.56. SECTIONS OF BLASTULA OF SHARK.

FIGURE 1.57. DISCOID SEGMENTATION OF BIRD'S OVUM.

FIGURES 1.58 TO 1.61. GASTRULATION OF THE BIRD.

FIGURE 1.62. GERMINAL DISK OF THE LIZARD.

FIGURES 1.63 AND 1.64. GASTRULATION OF THE OPOSSUM.

FIGURES 1.65 TO 1.67. GASTRULATION OF THE OPOSSUM.

FIGURES 1.68 TO 1.71. GASTRULATION OF THE RABBIT.

FIGURE 1.72. GASTRULA OF THE PLACENTAL MAMMAL.

FIGURE 1.73. GASTRULA OF THE RABBIT.

FIGURES 1.74 AND 1.75. DIAGRAM OF THE FOUR SECONDARY GERMINAL LAYERS.

FIGURES 1.76 AND 1.77. COELOMULA OF SAGITTA.

FIGURE 1.78. SECTION OF YOUNG SAGITTA.

FIGURES 1.79 AND 1.80. SECTION OF AMPHIOXUS LARVAE.

FIGURES 1.81 AND 1.82. SECTION OF AMPHIOXUS LARVAE.

FIGURES 1.83 AND 1.84. CHORDULA OF THE AMPHIOXUS.

FIGURES 1.85 AND 1.86. CHORDULA OF THE AMPHIBIA.

FIGURES 1.87 AND 1.88. SECTION OF COELOMULA EMBRYOS OF VERTEBRATES... Continue reading book >>


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