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A Manual of the Malay language With an Introductory Sketch of the Sanskrit Element in Malay   By: (1846-1897)

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[Transcriber's Note:

This text is intended for users whose text readers cannot use the "real" (unicode/utf 8) version of the file. Characters that could not be fully displayed have been "unpacked" and shown between braces:

[k.], [h.], [t.], [d.], [n.], [m.], [r.] (letters with dot under: except [k.] and [h.], these are used only in Sanskrit words) [.n] (n with dot over, in Sanskrit words) [)a], [)e], [)u] (vowel with breve or "short" sign) [ a] (a with macron or "long" sign)

In the section on Sanskrit origins, anusvara was printed as m with tilde. It has been changed in this e text to [m.] (m with dot under). Note also that [´s] is written as ç, [s.] as sh, and [r.] as [r.]i.

Footnote 53 of the Introduction refers to "the peculiar vowel sound represented in Arabic by the letter ain ... denoted by the Greek rough breathing". The reference is to the glottal stop. It is represented in this Latin 1 e text as the grave accent `.

In some sections, parts of words are italicized. These italics are shown in {braces}; elsewhere, italics are shown conventionally with lines .

Errors are listed at the end of the e text.]





HANDBOOK OF THE MALAY LANGUAGE, for the Use of Tourists and Residents. By KELLY and WALSH. Second Edition. 98 pages, 12mo, cloth. 1903. 3s. 6d. net. Printed in Roman characters only. It contains an elementary grammar and an English Malay vocabulary.

SPREEKT GIJ MALEISCH? Words and phrases in Dutch, Malay, French, German, and English. By JZN. RIJNENBERG. Fourth Edition. 163 pages, oblong 8vo. 1901. 3s. 6d. net.

PRACTICAL MALAY GRAMMAR, with Reading and Translation Exercises. By W. G. SHELLABEAR. 83 pages, 8vo, bound. 1899. 5s. net. All Malay words are printed in Roman characters only.

MALAY ENGLISH VOCABULARY, containing 6500 Malay words and phrases. By W. G. SHELLABEAR. 141 pages, 8vo, cloth. 1902. 6s. net. Printed in Roman characters only.

MALAY ENGLISH DICTIONARY. By R. J. WILKINSON. 4to. 1901 3. Unbound, £2, 10s.; bound, £3, 3s. The Malay words are printed in Arabic and in Roman characters.

ENGLISH MALAY VOCABULARY. By F. A. SWETTENHAM. Fifth Edition. 245 and xxxii pages, 8vo, cloth. 1905. 8s. 6d. net.

MALAY ENGLISH VOCABULARY. By F. A. SWETTENHAM. New edition in preparation. Malay words printed both in Arabic and Roman characters.

TRAVELLER'S MALAY PRONOUNCING HANDBOOK, for the Use of Travellers and Newcomers to Singapore. Seventh Edition. 317 and xxvi pages, 12mo, cloth. 1904. 5s.

Printed in Roman characters only.

LONDON: KEGAN PAUL, TRENCH, TRÜBNER, & CO. LTD. Dryden House, Gerrard Street, W.


of the



An Introductory Sketch of the Sanskrit Element in Malay.


WILLIAM EDWARD MAXWELL, of the Inner Temple, Barrister At Law; Assistant Resident, Perak, Malay Peninsula.


LONDON: KEGAN PAUL, TRENCH, TRÜBNER, & CO. Ltd. Dryden House, Gerrard Street, W.


Je n'en refuis aulcune de phrases qui s'usent emmy les rues; ceux qui veulent combattre l'usage par la grammaire se mocquent.



The language which I have endeavoured to illustrate in the following pages is the Malay of the British Settlements in the Straits of Malacca, some knowledge of which I have had the opportunity of acquiring during sixteen years' service in Penang, Province Wellesley, Malacca, Singapore, and Perak.

Dialectical peculiarities are so abundant in Malay that it is impossible to teach the colloquial language of the people without imparting to the lesson the distinct marks of a particular locality. In parts of India it is said proverbially that in every twelve kos there is a variation in the language,[1] and very much the same might be said of the Malay Peninsula and adjacent islands... Continue reading book >>

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