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The Mentor: The War of 1812 Volume 4, Number 3, Serial Number 103; 15 March, 1916.   By: (1854-1943)

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Transcriber's Note

The punctuation and spelling from the original text have been faithfully preserved. Only obvious typographical errors have been corrected.

LEARN ONE THING EVERY DAY

MARCH 15 1916

SERIAL NO. 103

THE MENTOR

[Illustration: Perry's Pennant on the "Lawrence"]

THE WAR OF 1812

By Professor ALBERT BUSHNELL HART

DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY

VOLUME 4 NUMBER 3

FIFTEEN CENTS A COPY

Heroes of the Fleet

PERRY

"September the tenth, full well I ween In eighteen hundred and thirteen, The weather mild, the sky serene, Commanded by bold Perry, Our saucy fleet at anchor lay In safety, moor'd at Put in Bay; 'Twixt sunrise and the break of day, The British fleet We chanced to meet; Our admiral thought he would them greet With a welcome on Lake Erie."

Old Song

LAWRENCE

"Let shouts of victory for laurels won Give place to grief for Lawrence, Valor's son. The warrior who was e'er his country's pride Has for that country bravely, nobly died."

Lines published in June, 1813.

THE WAR OF 1812

By ALBERT BUSHNELL HART

Professor of Government, Harvard University

MENTOR GRAVURES

CAPTAIN JAMES LAWRENCE

COMMODORE STEPHEN DECATUR

COMMODORE WILLIAM BAINBRIDGE

MENTOR GRAVURES

COMMODORE OLIVER HAZARD PERRY

THE BATTLE OF LAKE ERIE

GENERAL ANDREW JACKSON

[Illustration: Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry]

THE MENTOR ยท DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY MARCH 15, 1916

Our defeat of Great Britain in the Revolutionary War was conclusive; though "we" in that case included France, without whose aid the patriots must have been defeated. It is not so easy to discover a fund of military glory in the War of 1812.

That was a great war year. Within a few days of the declaration of war by the United States against Great Britain, Napoleon's Grand Army of over 400,000 men crossed the Niemen into Russia. Six months later 4,000 of that host recrossed, pursued by the Russians; and probably not more than 100,000 of the whole number ever saw their homes again. In 1813, while the Americans were fighting on the ocean and on Lake Erie, Napoleon was driven out of Germany. A few weeks before the Battle of Lundy's Lane, Napoleon was compelled to abdicate. Soon after the news of the Peace of Ghent with Great Britain was received in the United States, in 1815, Napoleon broke loose from Elba; and a few months later he was again a prisoner and sent to St. Helena.

[Entered at the Postoffice at New York, N.Y., as second class matter. Copyright, 1916, by The Mentor Association, Inc.]

To most of Europe the American War of 1812 seemed an unwarrantable flank attack in the great running fight of the nations. Russia and Prussia resented it that American statesmen should throw the weight of their country on the side of the great military despot of his time. They wanted none of the military and naval strength of Great Britain to be diverted across the ocean. The suggestion was even made in Congress that the United States ought to declare war at the same moment on both France and England. That idea has been carried out by Captain Marryat in his once popular novel "Midshipman Easy," where he describes a triangular duel between three sailors; but nations could hardly engage in such a game.

[Illustration: ANDREW JACKSON

From the painting by John Vanderlyn]

THE ELEPHANT AND THE WHALE

Nevertheless Congress found some difficulty in selecting the enemy to fight; for the conditions were remarkably like those of the year 1915. People used to talk then about the "war between the elephant and the whale": the elephant being the land army of Napoleon, which apparently nothing could withstand, and the whale being the navy of Great Britain, which had command of the sea. That struggle reached a crisis in 1806, when the two belligerents, not being able to reach and hammer each other, did their best to hammer the neutral carrying trade, which was carried on largely in American ships... Continue reading book >>


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