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Narrative of a Journey to the Shores of the Polar Sea, in the Years 1819-20-21-22, Volume 1   By: (1786-1847)

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Transcriber's notes:

There are several inconsistencies in spelling and punctuation in the original. Some corrections have been made for obvious typographical errors; they have been noted individually in the text. All changes made by the transcriber are enumerated in braces, for example {1}; details of corrections and comments are listed at the end of the text. Note that many of the errors were introduced in the third edition, as cross referencing the second edition has shown.

In the original, the "Mc" in Scottish names is given as "M" followed by what looks like a left single quotation mark (Unicode 2018). This has been changed to "Mc" throughout the text; note that the original also contains a few apparently inconsistent uses of "Mac", which have been retained.

Specific spellings that differ from their modern versions and have been retained in this text are "Saskatchawan" (modern "Saskatchewan"), "Winipeg" (modern "Winnipeg"), "Esquimaux" (modern "Eskimo") and "musquito" (with one instance of "moscheto", modern "mosquito").

Text in italics in the original is shown between underlines . For this text version, the oe ligature (Unicode 0153) has been rendered as "oe". Footnote 14 in chapter IV contains two transliterations, where [=a] represents Latin small letter a with macron (Unicode 0101) and [=o] stands for Latin small letter o with macron (Unicode 014D).

NARRATIVE OF A JOURNEY

TO THE SHORES OF THE

POLAR SEA,

IN

THE YEARS 1819 20 21 22.

BY

JOHN FRANKLIN, CAPT. R.N., F.R.S., M.W.S., AND COMMANDER OF THE EXPEDITION.

PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY OF THE RIGHT HONOURABLE THE EARL BATHURST.

THIRD EDITION.

TWO VOLS. VOL. I.

LONDON: JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET.

MDCCCXXIV{1}.

LONDON: PRINTED BY WILLIAM CLOWES, Northumberland court.

[Illustration: The Connected Discoveries of Captains Ross, Parry, and Franklin in the years 1818, 19, 20, 21, 22 & 23.]

TO

THE RIGHT HONOURABLE

THE EARL BATHURST, K.G.,

ONE OF HIS MAJESTY'S PRINCIPAL SECRETARIES OF STATE, &c. &c. &c.

THE FOLLOWING

NARRATIVE OF A JOURNEY OF DISCOVERY TO THE NORTHERN COAST OF AMERICA,

UNDERTAKEN BY ORDER AND UNDER THE AUSPICES OF

HIS LORDSHIP,

IS BY PERMISSION, INSCRIBED

WITH GREAT RESPECT AND GRATITUDE

BY

THE AUTHOR.

CONTENTS OF THE FIRST VOLUME.

Page INTRODUCTION ix

CHAPTER I.

Departure from England Transactions at Stromness Enter Davis' Straits Perilous situation on the shore of Resolution Island Land on the coast of Labrador Esquimaux of Savage Islands York Factory Preparations for the Journey into the Interior 1

CHAPTER II.

Passage up Hayes', Steel, and Hill Rivers Cross Swampy Lake Jack River Knee Lake, and Magnetic Islet Trout River Holy Lake{2} Weepinapannis River Windy Lake White Fall Lake and River Echemamis and Sea Rivers Play Green Lakes Lake Winipeg River Saskatchawan Cross, Cedar, and Pine Island Lakes Cumberland House 41

CHAPTER III.

Dr. Richardson's residence at Cumberland House His account of the Cree Indians 91

CHAPTER IV.

Leave Cumberland House Mode of Travelling in Winter Arrival at Carlton House Stone Indians Visit to a Buffalo Pound Goitres Departure from Carlton House Isle à{3} la Crosse Arrival at Fort Chipewyan 146

CHAPTER V.

Transactions at Fort Chipewyan Arrival of Dr. Richardson and Mr. Hood Preparations for our Journey to the Northward 221

CHAPTER VI.

Mr. Hood's Journey to the Basquiau Hill Sojourns with an Indian Party His Journey to Chipewyan 260

CHAPTER VII.

Departure from Chipewyan Difficulties of the various Navigation of the Rivers and Lakes, and of the Portages Slave Lake and Fort Providence Scarcity of Provisions, and Discontent of the Canadian Voyagers Difficulties with regard to the Indian Guides Refusal to proceed Visit of Observation to the upper part of Copper Mine River Return to the Winter Quarters of Fort Enterprise 301

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