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Two Expeditions into the Interior of Southern Australia   By: (1795-1869)

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TWO EXPEDITIONS INTO THE INTERIOR OF SOUTHERN AUSTRALIA DURING THE YEARS 1828, 1829, 1830, 1831 WITH OBSERVATIONS ON THE SOIL, CLIMATE AND GENERAL RESOURCES OF THE COLONY OF NEW SOUTH WALES.

IN TWO VOLUMES

VOLUME I.

"For though most men are contented only to see a river as it runs by them, and talk of the changes in it as they happen; when it is troubled, or when clear; when it drowns the country in a flood, or forsakes it in a drought: yet he that would know the nature of the water, and the causes of those accidents (so as to guess at their continuance or return), must find out its source, and observe with what strength it rises, what length it runs, and how many small streams fall in, and feed it to such a height, as make it either delightful or terrible to the eye, and useful or dangerous to the country about it."...SIR WILLIAM TEMPLE'S NETHERLANDS.

TO THE RIGHT HON. THE EARL OF RIPON, VISCOUNT GODERICH, Lord Privy Seal &c. &c. &c.

MY LORD,

The completion of this Work affords me the opportunity I have long desired of thanking your Lordship thus publicly, for the kindness with which you acceded to my request to be permitted to dedicate it to you.

The encouragement your Lordship was pleased to give me has served to stimulate me in the prosecution of a task, which would, I fear, have been too great for me to have accomplished in my present condition, under any ordinary views of ambition. Indeed, labouring as I have been for many months past, under an almost total deprivation of sight, (the effect of exposure and anxiety of mind in the prosecution of geographical researches,) I owe it to the casual assistance of some of my friends, that I am at length enabled to lay these results before your Lordship and the public.

While I feel a painful conviction that many errors must necessarily pervade a work produced under such unfavourable circumstances, it affords me no small consolation to reflect that Your Lordship has been aware of my situation, and will be disposed to grant me every reasonable indulgence.

I have the honor to be, With the highest respect, My Lord, Your Lordship's Very obedient and humble servant,

CHARLES STURT London, June, 1833.

CONTENTS OF THE FIRST VOLUME

PRELIMINARY CHAPTER.

Purpose of this Chapter Name of Australia Impressions of its early Visitors Character of the Australian rivers Author's first view of Port Jackson Extent of the Colony of New South Wales its rapid advances in prosperity Erroneous impressions Commercial importance of Sydney Growth of fine wool Mr. M'Arthur's meritorious exertions Whale fishery Other exports Geographical features Causes of the large proportion of bad soil Connection between the geology and vegetation Geological features Character of the soil connected with the geological formation County of Cumberland Country westward of the Blue Mountains Disadvantages of the remote settlers Character of the Eastern coast Rich tracts in the interior Periodical droughts The seasons apparently affected by the interior marshes Temperature Fruits Emigrants: Causes of their success or failure Moral disadvantages System of emigration recommended Hints to emigrants Progress of inland discovery Expeditions across the Blue Mountains Discoveries of Mr. Evans, Mr. Oxley, and others Conjectures respecting the interior.

EXPEDITION DOWN THE MACQUARIE RIVER, AND INTO THE WESTERN INTERIOR IN 1828 AND 1829.

CHAPTER I.

State of the Colony in 1828 29 Objects of the Expedition Departure from Sydney Wellington Valley Progress down the Macquarie Arrival at Mount Harris Stopped by the marshes Encamp amidst reeds Excursions down the river Its termination Appearance of the marshes Opthalmic affection of the men Mr. Hume's successful journey to the northward Journey across the plain Second great marsh Perplexities Situation of the exploring party Consequent resolutions... Continue reading book >>


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