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History of the United States, Volume 3   By: (1844-1917)

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[Transcriber's Notes]

Text has been moved to avoid fragmentation of sentences and paragraphs.

The other five texts in this series were obtained from the 1912 edition of original books. Volume 3 was missing from the set. This text, Volume 3, is derived from a PDF image file of the 1896 edition on the Internet Archive at http://www.archive.org/details/histusearliest03andrrich

[End Transcriber's Notes]

HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES

[Illustration: Ten soldiers servicing and aiming a cannon.] The First Gun Fired from Fort Sumter

HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES

FROM THE EARLIEST DISCOVERY OF AMERICA TO THE PRESENT DAY

BY

E. BENJAMIN ANDREWS PRESIDENT OF BROWN UNIVERSITY

WITH 400 ILLUSTRATION AND MAPS

VOLUME III

NEW YORK CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS 1896

COPYRIGHT, 1894, BY CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS

Press of J. J. Little & Co. Astor Place. New York

CONTENTS

PERIOD II

WHIGS AND DEMOCRATS TILL THE DOMINANCE OF THE SLAVERY CONTROVERSY

1814 1840

CHAPTER I. THE WHIG PARTY AND ITS MISSION.

The Word "Whig." Republican Prestige. Schism. Adams's Election. Five Doctrines of Whiggism. I. Broad Construction of the Constitution. II. The Bank. Death of Old and Birth of New. Opposition by Jackson. III. The Tariff of 1816. Its Object. IV. Land. Whig versus Democratic Policy. V. Internal Improvements Rivers and Harbors. Need of Better Inland Communication. Contention between the Parties. Whig Characteristics. Adams. Webster. His Political Attitude. Clay. His Power, as an Orator. His Duel with Randolph. His Wit. His Influence.

CHAPTER II. FLORIDA AND THE MONROE DOCTRINE.

Florida's Disputed Boundary. West Florida Occupied. Jackson Seizes East Florida. Puts to Death Ambrister and Arbuthnot. His Excuse. Defended by Adams. Sale of Florida. Revolt of Spanish America. Monroe's Declaration. Its Origin.

CHAPTER III. THE MISSOURI COMPROMISE.

Missouri Wishes Statehood. Early History of Slavery. Hostility to it. First Abolitionist Societies. Ordinance of 1787. Slavery in the North. In the South. Pleas for its Existence. Missouri Compromise. Pro slavery Arguments. The Policy Men. Anti slavery Opinions. Difficulties of the Case. The Anti slavery Side Ignores these.

CHAPTER IV. THE GREAT NULLIFICATION.

Rise of Tariff Rates after 1816. Relations of Parties and Sections to the Tariff. Minimum Principle. Tariff of Abominations Adopted. Harmful to the South. Nullification Project. Calhoun's Life and Pet Political Theory. South Carolina Recedes. Compromise Tariff. State Rights and Central Government. Webster's Plea.

CHAPTER V. MINOR PUBLIC QUESTIONS OF JACKSON'S "REIGN."

Jackson's Life. Mistaken Ideas. Civil Service Reform. Perfecting of Party Organization in the Country. Jackson and the United States Bank. His Popularity. Revival of West Indian Trade. French Spoliation Claims. Paid. Our Gold and Silver Coinage. Gold Bill. Increased Circulation of Gold. Specie Circular.

CHAPTER VI. THE FIRST WHIG TRIUMPH.

Election of Harrison in 1840. Causes. Jackson's Violence. Sub treasury Policy. Panic of 1837. Decrease of Revenue. Whig Opposition to Slavery. Seminole War. Amistad Case. Texan Question. "Tippecanoe and Tyler too."

CHAPTER VII. LIFE AND MANNERS IN THE FOURTH DECADE.

Population and Area. The West. The East. An American Literature. Newspaper Enterprise, Mails, Eleemosynary Institutions. American Character. Temperance Reform. The Land of the Free. Religion. Anti masonic Movement. Banking Craze. Moon Hoax. Party Spirit. Jackson as a Knight Errant. His Self will. Enmity between Adams and Jackson. Costumes.

CHAPTER VIII. INDUSTRIAL ADVANCE BY 1840.

F. C. Lowell and his Waltham Power loom. Growth of Factory System. New Corporation Laws. Gas, Coal, and Other Industries. The Same Continued. The National Road. Stages and Canals. Ocean Lines. Beginning of Railroads. Opposition. First Locomotive. Multiplication of Railroads.

PERIOD III

THE YEARS OF SLAVERY CONTROVERSY

1840 1860

CHAPTER I. SLAVERY AFTER THE MISSOURI COMPROMISE.

Cotton and Slavery... Continue reading book >>


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