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Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 11, Slice 3 "Frost" to "Fyzabad"   By:

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ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA

A DICTIONARY OF ARTS, SCIENCES, LITERATURE AND GENERAL INFORMATION

ELEVENTH EDITION

VOLUME XI, SLICE III

FROST to FYZABAD

ARTICLES IN THIS SLICE:

FROST FULMAR FROSTBITE FULMINIC ACID FROSTBURG FULTON, ROBERT FROTHINGHAM, OCTAVIUS BROOKS FULTON (Missouri, U.S.A.) FROUDE, JAMES ANTHONY FULTON (New York, U.S.A.) FRUCTOSE FUM FRUGONI, CARLO INNOCENZIO MARIA FUMARIC AND MALEIC ACIDS FRUIT FUMAROLE FRUIT AND FLOWER FARMING FUMIGATION FRUMENTIUS FUMITORY FRUNDSBERG, GEORG VON FUNCHAL FRUSTUM FUNCTION FRUYTIERS, PHILIP FUNDY, BAY OF FRY FUNERAL RITES FRY, SIR EDWARD FUNGI FRY, ELIZABETH FUNJ FRYXELL, ANDERS FUNKIA FUAD PASHA FUNNEL FUCHOW FUR FUCHS, JOHANN NEPOMUK VON FURAZANES FUCHS, LEONHARD FURETIÈRE, ANTOINE FUCHSIA FURFOOZ FUCHSINE FURFURANE FUCINO, LAGO DI FURIES FUEL FURLONG FUENTE OVEJUNA FURNACE FUENTERRABIA FURNEAUX, TOBIAS FUERO FURNES FUERTEVENTURA FURNESS, HORACE HOWARD FUGGER FURNESS FUGITIVE SLAVE LAWS FURNISS, HARRY FUGLEMAN FURNITURE FUGUE FURNIVALL, FREDERICK JAMES FÜHRICH, JOSEPH VON FURSE, CHARLES WELLINGTON FUJI FÜRST, JULIUS FU KIEN FÜRSTENBERG FUKUI FÜRSTENWALDE FUKUOKA FÜRTH FULA FURTWÄNGLER, ADOLF FULCHER OF CHARTRES FURZE FULDA FUSARO, LAGO FULGENTIUS, FABIUS PLANCIADES FUSELI, HENRY FULGINIAE FUSEL OIL FULGURITE FUSIBLE METAL FULHAM FUSILIER FULK (king of Jerusalem) FUSION FULK (archbishop of Reims) FÜSSEN FULKE, WILLIAM FUST, JOHANN FULK NERRA FUSTEL DE COULANGES, NUMA DENIS FÜLLEBORN, GEORG GUSTAV FUSTIAN FULLER, ANDREW FUSTIC FULLER, GEORGE FUTURES FULLER, MARGARET FUX, JOHANN JOSEPH FULLER, MELVILLE WESTON FUZE FULLER, THOMAS FYNE, LOCH FULLER, WILLIAM FYRD FULLER'S EARTH FYT, JOHANNES FULLERTON, LADY GEORGIANA FYZABAD

FROST (a common Teutonic word, cf. Dutch, vorst , Ger. Frost , from the common Teutonic verb meaning "to freeze," Dutch, vriezen , Ger. frieren ; the Indo European root is seen in Lat. pruina , hoar frost, cf. prurire , to itch, burn, pruna , burning coal, Sansk. plush , to burn), in meteorology, the act, or agent of the process, of freezing; hence the terms "hoar frost" and "white frost" applied to visible frozen vapour formed on exposed surfaces. A frost can only occur when the surface temperature falls below 32° F., the freezing point of water; if the temperature be between 28° and 32° it is a "light frost," if below 28° it is a "heavy," "killing" or "black frost"; the term "black frost" is also used when no hoar frost is present. The number of degrees below freezing point is termed "degrees of frost." As soon as a mass of air is cooled to its dew point, water begins to be precipitated in the form of rain, dew, snow or hail. Hoarfrost is only formed at the immediate surface of the land if the latter be at a temperature below 32°, and this may occur even when the temperature of the air a few feet above the ground is 12° 16° above the freezing point... Continue reading book >>


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