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Notes and Queries, Number 81, May 17, 1851 A Medium of Inter-communication for Literary Men, Artists, Antiquaries, Genealogists, etc   By:

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Transcriber's note: A few typographical errors have been corrected: they are listed at the end of the text.




"When found, make a note of." CAPTAIN CUTTLE.

No. 81.] SATURDAY, MAY 17. 1851.. [Price Threepence. Stamped Edition 4d.



Illustrations of Chaucer, No. VI. 385

Dutch Folk lore 387

Minor Notes: Verses in Pope: "Bug" or "Bee" Rub a dub Quotations Minnis Brighton Voltaire's Henriade 387

QUERIES: The Blake Family, by Hepworth Dixon 389

Minor Queries: John Holywood the Mathematician Essay on the Irony of Sophocles Meaning of Mosaic Stanedge Pole Names of the Ferret Colfabias School of the Heart Milton and the Calves head Club David Rizzio's Signature Lambert Simnel: Was this his real Name? Honor of Clare, Norfolk Sponge Babington's Conspiracy Family of Sir John Banks Meaning of Sewell Abel represented with Horns 389

MINOR QUERIES ANSWERED: The Fifteen O's Meaning of Pightle Inscription on a Guinea of George III. Meaning of Crambo 391


John Tradescant probably an Englishman, and his Voyage to Russia in 1618, by S. W. Singer 391

The Family of the Tradescants, by W. Pinkerton 393

Pope Joan 395

REPLIES TO MINOR QUERIES: Robert Burton's Birthplace Barlaam and Josaphat Witte van Haemstede The Dutch Church in Norwich Fest Sittings Quaker's Attempt to convert the Pope The Anti Jacobin Mistletoe Verbum Græcum "Après moi le Déluge" Eisell "To day we purpose" Modern Paper St. Pancras Joseph Nicolson's Family Demosthenes and New Testament Crossing Rivers on Skins Curious Facts in Natural History Prideaux 395


Notes on Books, Sales, Catalogues, &c. 398

Books and Odd Volumes wanted 399

Notices to Correspondents 399

Advertisements 399



Unless Chaucer had intended to mark with particular exactness the day of the journey to Canterbury, he would not have taken such unusual precautions to protect his text from ignorant or careless transcribers. We find him not only recording the altitudes of the sun, at different hours, in words; but also corroborating those words by associating them with physical facts incapable of being perverted or misunderstood.

Had Chaucer done this in one instance only, we might imagine that it was but another of those occasions, so frequently seized upon by him, for the display of a little scientific knowledge; but when he repeats the very same precautionary expedient again, in the afternoon of the same day, we begin to perceive that he must have had some fixed purpose; because, as I shall presently show, it is the repetition alone that renders the record imperishable.

But whether Chaucer really devised this method for the express purpose of preserving his text, or not, it has at least had that effect, for while there are scarcely two MSS. extant which agree in the verbal record of the day and hours, the physical circumstances remain, and afford at all times independent data for the recovery or correction of the true reading.

The day of the month may be deduced from the declination of the sun; and, to obtain the latter, all the data required are,

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