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Scientific American Supplement, No. 385, May 19, 1883   By:

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NEW YORK, MAY 19, 1883

Scientific American Supplement. Vol. XV., No. 385.

Scientific American established 1845

Scientific American Supplement, $5 a year.

Scientific American and Supplement, $7 a year.


I. NATURAL HISTORY. Fishes of Cuban Waters.

Panax VictoriƦ. 1 Illustration.

A Note on Sap. By Prof. ATTFIELD.

The Crow. Illustration.

The Praying Mantis and its Allies. Illustration.

May Flies. 2 illustrations.

II. TECHNOLOGY. A Quick Way to Ascertain the Focus of a Lens. 1 diagram.

The History of the Pianoforte. By A.J. HIPKINS. Different parts of a pianoforte and their uses. Inventor of the instrument and his "action." First German piano maker. Square pianos. Pianos of Broadwood, Backers, Stodart, and Erard. Introduction of metal tubes, plates, bars, and frames. Improvements of Meyer, the Steinways, Chickerings, and others. Upright pianos. Several figures.

III. MEDICINE AND HYGIENE. The Poisonous Properties of Nitrate of Silver and a Recent Case of Poisoning with the Same. By H. A. MOTT, Jr.

Tubercle Bacilli in Sputa.

Malaria. By Dr. JAMES H. SALISBURY. VIII. Local observations. Effect of the sun on ague plants. Investigations into the cause of ague. Notes on marsh miasm. Analysis of malari a plant. Numerous figures.

IV. ENGINEERING. Torpedo Boats. Full page illustration.

Pictet's High Speed Boat. Several figures and diagrams.

Initial Stability Indicator for Ships. 4 figures.

V. ELECTRICITY, LIGHT, AND HEAT. Scrivanow's Chloride of Silver Pile. 2 figures.

On the Luminosity of Flame.

VI. CHEMISTRY. New Bleaching Process, with Regeneration of the Baths Used. By M. BONNEVILLE.

Detection of Magenta, Archil, and Cudbear in Wine.

VII. ARCHITECTURE. The Pantheon at Rome.

VIII. MISCELLANEOUS. The Raphael Celebration at Rome. 3 Illustrations.

Great International Fisheries Exhibition. 1 figure.

Puppet Shows among the Greeks. 3 illustrations.


The most famous of Italian painters, Raffaele Sanzio, whom the world commonly calls Raphael, was born at Urbino, in Umbria, part of the Papal States, four hundred years ago. The anniversary was celebrated, on March 28, 1883, both in that town and in Rome, where he lived and worked, and where he died in 1520, with processions, orations, poetical recitations, performances of music, exhibitions of pictures, statues, and busts, visits to the tomb of the great artist in the Pantheon, and with banquets and other festivities. The King and Queen of Italy were present at the Capitol of Rome (the Palace of the City Municipality) where one part of these proceedings took place.


At ten o'clock in the morning a procession set forth from the Capitol to the Pantheon, to render homage at the tomb of Raphael. It was arranged in the following order: Two Fedeli, or municipal ushers, in picturesque costumes of the sixteenth century, headed the procession, carrying two laurel wreaths fastened with ribbons representing the colors of Rome, red and dark yellow; a company of Vigili, the Roman firemen; the municipal band; the standard of Rome, carried by an officer of the Vigili; and the banners of the fourteen quarters of the city. Then came the Minister of Public Instruction and the Minister of Public Works; the Syndic of Rome, Duke Leopoldo Torlonia; and the Prefect of Rome, the Marquis Gravina. The members of the communal giunta, the provincial deputation, and the communal and provincial council followed the principal authorities... Continue reading book >>

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