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Scientific American Supplement, No. 455, September 20, 1884   By:

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[Illustration]

SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN SUPPLEMENT NO. 455

NEW YORK, SEPTEMBER 20, 1884

Scientific American Supplement. Vol. XVIII, No. 455.

Scientific American established 1845

Scientific American Supplement, $5 a year.

Scientific American and Supplement, $7 a year.

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

I. CHEMISTRY AND METALLURGY. Gallisin, an Unfermentable Substance in Starch Sugar.

The Combining Weights, Volumes, and Specific Gravities of Elements and Compounds.

Analysis of Zinc Ash and Calcined Pyrites by Means of Ammonium Carbonate.

II. ENGINEERING AND MECHANICS. Petroleum as a Fuel in Locomotive Engines. By THOMAS URQUHART. Spray injector. Driving locomotives. Storage of petroleum.

Improved Gas Light Buoy. 2 figures.

Project for a Roadstead at Havre. With map and views of different breakwaters.

Improved Catch Basin. 2 figures.

Water Power with High Pressures and Wrought Iron Water Pipe. By HAMILTON SMITH, JR. Methods of conducting water and transmitting power. Texas Creek pipe and aqueduct. 4 figures.

Parachute Hydraulic Motor.

Improved Shafting Lathe. 1 figure.

Power Straightening Machine. 1 figure.

Hydraulic Mining in California. By GEO. O'BRIEN.

III. TECHNOLOGY. Emerald Green: Its Properties and Manufacture. Use in wall paper. ROBERT GALLOWAY.

Charcoal Kilns. Extra yield. 2 figures.

IV. ARCHITECTURE Entrance, Tiddington House, Oxon. An engraving.

V. ELECTRICITY, LIGHT, HEAT. ETC. The Temperature of the Earth as shown by Deep Mines.

New Arrangement of the Bichromate of Potash Pile. 3 figures.

The Distribution of Electricity by Induction. 1 figure.

Electricity Applied to the study of Seismic Movements. Apparatus for the study of horizontal and vertical seismic movements, etc. 8 figures.

New Accumulators. 3 figures.

Industrial Model of the Reynier Zinc Accumulator.

The History of a Lightning Flash. By W. SLINGO.

Researches on Magnetism.

VI. NATURAL HISTORY. The Giraffe. With engraving.

VII. MEDICINE, AND HYGIENE. The Treatment of Cholera By Dr. H.A. RAWLINS.

Temperature. Moisture, and Pressure, in their Relations to Health. London deaths under 1 year in July, August, and part of September.

Consumption Spread by Chickens.

New Method of Reducing Fever.

VIII. MISCELLANEOUS. The Crown Diamonds of France at the Exhibition of Industrial Arts.

A New Mode of Testing the Economy of the Expenses of Management in Life Insurance. By WALTER C. WRIGHT.

THE GIRAFFE.

The spirited view herewith presented, representing the "Fall of the Giraffe" before the rifle of a sportsman, we take from the Illustrated London News . Hunting the giraffe has long been a favorite sport among the more adventurous of British sportsmen, its natural range being all the wooded parts of eastern, central, and southern Africa, though of late years it has been greatly thinned out before the settlements advancing from the Cape of Good Hope.

[Illustration: THE FALL OF THE GIRAFFE.]

The characteristics of this singular animal are in some particulars those of the camel, the ox, and the antelope. Its eyes are beautiful, extremely large, and so placed that the animal can see much of what is passing on all sides, and even behind it, so that it is approached with the greatest difficulty. The animal when full grown attains sometimes a height of fifteen to seventeen feet. It feeds on the leaves and twigs of trees principally, its immense length of legs and height at the withers rendering it difficult for the animal to graze on an even surface... Continue reading book >>


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