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Scientific American Supplement, No. 481, March 21, 1885   By:

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NEW YORK, MARCH 21, 1885

Scientific American Supplement. Vol. XIX, No. 481.

Scientific American established 1845

Scientific American Supplement, $5 a year.

Scientific American and Supplement, $7 a year.


I. ENGINEERING AND MECHANICS. The Righi Railroad. With 3 engravings.

The Chinese Pump. 1 figure.

The Water Clock. 3 figures.

New Self propelling and Steering Torpedoes.

Dobson and Barbour's Improvements in Heilmann's Combers. 1 figure.

Machine for Polishing Boots and Shoes.

II. TECHNOLOGY. The Use of Gas in the Workshop. By T. FLETCHER. Placing of lights. Best burners. Light lost by shades. Use of the blowpipe. Gas furnaces. Gas engines.

The Gas Meter. 3 figures.

The Municipal School for Instruction in Watchmaking at Geneva. 1 engraving.

III. ELECTRICITY, ETC. Personal Safety with the Electric Currents.

A Visit to Canada and the United States; or, Electricity in America in 1884. By W.H. PREECE.

IV. ARCHITECTURE. The House of a Thousand Terrors, Rotterdam. With engraving.

V. GEOLOGY. On the Origin and Structure of Coal, With full page of illustrations.

VI. POLITICAL ECONOMY. Labor and Wages in America. By D. PIDGEON. Who and what are the operatives. Native labor. Alien employes. Housing of labor. Sobriety. Pauperism. Artisans' homes. Interest of employer in the condition of his employes. Wages in Europe and America. Expenditures of workingmen. Free trade and protection.

VII. MISCELLANEOUS. Ice Boat Races on the Mueggelsee, near Berlin. With engraving.



In the year 1864, the well known geographer, Heinrich Keller, from Zurich, on ascending to the summit of the Righi Mountain, in the heart of Switzerland, discovered one of the finest panoramic displays of mountain scenery that he had ever witnessed. To his enthusiastic descriptions some lovers of nature in Zurich and Berne listened with much interest, and in the year 1865, Dr. Abel, Mr. Escher von der Luith, Aulic Councilor, Dr. Horner, and others, in connection with Keller himself, subscribed money to the amount of 2,000 marks ($500) for the purpose of building a hotel on the top of the mountain overlooking the view. This hotel was simple enough, being merely a hut such as is to be found in abundance in the Alps, and which are built by the German and Austrian Alpine Clubs. At present the old hotel is replaced by another and more comfortable building, which is rendered accessible by a railway that ascends the mountain. Mr. Riggenbach, director of the railway works at Olten, was the projector of this road, which was begun in 1869 and completed in 1871. Vitznau at Lucerne is the starting point. The ascent, which is at first gradual, soon increases one in four. After a quarter of an hour the train passes through a tunnel 240 feet in length, and over an iron bridge of the same length, by means of which the Schnurtobel, a deep gorge with picturesque waterfalls, is crossed. At Station Freibergen a beautiful mountain scene presents itself, and the eye rests upon the glittering, ice covered ridge of the Jungfrau, the Monk, and the Eiger. Further up is station Kaltbad, where the road forks, and one branch runs to Scheideck. At about ten minutes from Kaltbad is the so called "Kanzli" (4,770 feet), an open rotunda on a projecting rock, from which a magnificent view is obtained. The next station is Stoffelhohe, from which the railroad leads very near to the abyss on the way to Righi Stoffel, and from this point it reaches its terminus (Righi Kulin) in a few minutes. This is 5,905 feet above the sea, the loftiest and most northern point of the Righi group... Continue reading book >>

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