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Scientific American Supplement, No. 460, October 25, 1884   By:

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[Illustration]

SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN SUPPLEMENT NO. 460

NEW YORK, OCTOBER 25, 1884

Scientific American Supplement. Vol. XVIII, No. 460.

Scientific American established 1845

Scientific American Supplement, $5 a year.

Scientific American and Supplement, $7 a year.

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

I. CHEMISTRY. ETC. Wolpert's Method of Estimating the Amount of Carbonic Acid in the Air. 7 Figures.

Japanese Camphor. Its preparation, experiments, and analysis of the camphor oil. By H. OISHI.

II. ENGINEERING AND MECHANICS. Links in the History of the Locomotive. With two engravings of the Rocket.

The Flow of Water through Turbines and Screw Propellers. By ARTHUR RIGG. Experimental researches. Impact on level plate. Impact and reaction in confined channels. 4 figures.

Improved Textile Machinery. The Textile Exhibition at Islington. 5 figures.

Endless Rope Haulage. 2 figures.

III. TECHNOLOGY. A Reliable Water Filter. With engraving.

Simple Devices for Distilling Water. 4 figures.

Improved Fire Damp Detecter. With full description and engraving.

Camera Attachment for Paper Photo Negatives. 2 figures.

Instantaneous Photo Shutter. 1 figure.

Sulphurous Acid. Easy method of preparation for photographic purposes.

IV. PHYSICS. ELECTRICITY, ETC. Steps toward a Kinetic Theory of Matter. Address by Sir Wm. THOMSON at the Montreal meeting of the British Association.

Application of Electricity to Tramways. By M. HOLROYD SMITH. 7 figures.

The Sunshine Recorder. 1 figure.

V. ARCHITECTURE AND ART. The National Monument at Rome. With full page engraving.

On the Evolution of Forms of Art. From a paper by Prof. JACOBSTHAL. Plant Forms the archetypes of cashmere patterns. Ornamental representations of plants of two kinds. Architectural forms of different ages. 20 figures.

VI. NATURAL HISTORY. The Latest Knowledge about Gapes. How to keep poultry free from them.

The Voyage of the Vettor Pisani. Shark fishing In the Gulf of Panama. Capture of Rhinodon typicus, the largest fish in existence.

VII. HORTICULTURE, ETC. The Proper Time for Cutting Timber.

Raising Ferns from Spores. 1 figure.

The Life History of Vaucheria. Growth of alga vaucheria under the microscope. 4 figures.

VIII. MISCELLANEOUS. Fires in London and New York.

The Greely Arctic Expedition. With engraving.

The Nile Expedition. 1 figure.

LINKS IN THE HISTORY OF THE LOCOMOTIVE.

It is, perhaps, more difficult to write accurate history than anything else, and this is true not only of nations, kings, politicians, or wars, but of events and things witnessed or called into existence in every day life. In The Engineer for September 17, 1880, we did our best to place a true statement of the facts concerning the Rocket before our readers. In many respects this was the most remarkable steam engine ever built, and about it there ought to be no difficulty, one would imagine, in arriving at the truth. It was for a considerable period the cynosure of all eyes. Engineers all over the world were interested in its performance. Drawings were made of it; accounts were written of it, descriptions of it abounded. Little more than half a century has elapsed since it startled the world by its performance at Rainhill, and yet it is not too much to say that the truth the whole truth, that is to say can never now be written. We are, however, able to put some facts before our readers now which have never before been published, which are sufficiently startling, and while supplying a missing link in the history of the locomotive, go far to show that much that has hitherto been held to be true is not true at all.

When the Liverpool and Manchester Railway was opened on the 15th of September, 1830, among those present was James Nasmyth, subsequently the inventor of the steam hammer... Continue reading book >>


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