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Scientific American Supplement, No. 530, February 27, 1886   By:

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Scientific American Supplement. Vol. XXI, No. 530.

Scientific American established 1845

Scientific American Supplement, $5 a year.

Scientific American and Supplement, $7 a year.


I. CHEMISTRY ETC. Decomposition and Fermentation of Milk.

II. ENGINEERING AND MECHANICS. The Ethics of Engineering Practice. An address by Mr. JAS. C. BAYLES, before the American Institute of Mining Engineers.

Lifting a 40 inch Water Main. With engraving.

The Inter oceanic Canal Question.

The Mersey Tunnel.

Improved Revolver. With 4 figures.

Motors for Street Railways. Results of experiments on mechanical motors for tramways made by the jury on railway appliances at the Antwerp Exhibition. By Capt. DOUGLAS GALTON.

III. TECHNOLOGY. Alizarine Dyes. Process of dyeing. Recipes for various colors.

Cement Paving. Composition made by the Wilkes' Metallic Flooring Company. Other compositions.

A New Bleaching Process. The "Mather Thompson" system.

Instruments for Drawing Curves. By Prof. C.W. MACCORD 1. The Hyperbola 2 figures.

Experiments with Fibers. By Dr. THOS. TAYLOR. Detection of Fraud. Method employed. Cotton mixed with linen. Experiments with flax. Wool tested with acid. Tests of dyed black silk.

Orthochromatic Plates. By CH. SCOLIK.

A New Photographic Apparatus. With engraving.

IV. ELECTRICITY, PHYSICS, ETC. On the Theory of the Electro magnetic Telephone Transmitter. By E. MERCADIER.

On the Theory of the Receiver of the Electro magnetic Telephone. By E. MERCADIER.

Frew's Improved Pyrometer. With engraving.

Dew. Abstract of a paper read before the Royal Society of Edinburgh. By Mr. AITKEN. Source of dew. Observations of the temperature of the ground. Experiments. Effects of wind. Excretion of drops of liquid by plants. Radiating power of different surfaces at night.

V. ASTRONOMY. Meteorites. The Dhurmsala Meteorite.

Telescopic Search for the Trans Neptunian Planet. By DAVID P. TODD.

VI. ARCHITECTURE. The New "Burgtheater" in Vienna. With full page engraving.

The New German Bookdealers' Exchange in Leipzig. With engraving.

VII. MISCELLANEOUS. Notes on Manual Spelling. By JAS. C. GORDON. Origin of Finger Spelling. Finger alphabets. With engraving of American alphabet.

Fruits and Seeds for Dress Trimming. Origin of the use of Fruits and Seeds. Preparation by MR. COLLIN.

VIII. BIOGRAPHY. Hon. Hiram Sibley. The founder of the Sibley College of Mechanic Arts of Cornell University. With portrait.


Hon. Hiram Sibley, of the city of Rochester, a man of national reputation as the originator of great enterprises, and as the most extensive farmer and seedsman in this country, was born at North Adams, Berkshire County, Mass., February 6, 1807, and is the second son of Benjamin and Zilpha Davis Sibley. Benjamin was the son of Timothy Sibley, of Sutton, Mass., who was the father of fifteen children twelve sons and three daughters; eight of these, including Benjamin, lived to the aggregate age of 677 years, an average of about seventy five years and three months. From the most unpromising beginnings, without education, Hiram Sibley has risen to a postion of usefulness and influence. His youth was passed among his native hills. He was a mechanical genius by nature. Banter with a neighboring shoemaker led to his attempt to make a shoe on the spot, and he was at once placed on the shoemaker's bench.

At the age of sixteen he migrated to the Genesee Valley, where he was employed in a machine shop, and subsequently in wool carding... Continue reading book >>

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